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Doc. 44.--Synopsis of the Confederate States' army Bill.

Sec. 1. Enacts, that from and after the passage of the act, the military establishment of the. Confederate States shall be composed of one corps of engineers, one corps of artillery, six regiments of infantry, one regiment of cavalry, and of the staff department already established by law.

2. The Corps of Engineers shall consist of one colonel, four majors, five captains, one company of sappers, miners, and pioneers, consisting of ten sergeants or master-workmen, ten corporals or overseers, two musicians, and thirty-nine privates of the first-class, or artificers, and thirty-nine men of second-class, or laborers — making in all one hundred.

3. Said company shall be officered by one captain and as many lieutenants, taken from the line of tile army, as the President may deem necessary.

4. Duties of the colonel of the Engineer Corps prescribed.

5. The artillery corps shall consist of one colonel, one lieutenant-colonel, ten majors, and forty companies of artillerists and artificers; and each company shall consist of one captain, two first lieutenants, one second lieutenant, four sergeants, four corporals, two musicians and seventy privates; also one adjutant to be selected by the colonel from the first lieutenants, arid one sergeant-major to be selected from enlisted men of tile corps.

6. Each regiment of infantry shall consist of one colonel, one lieutenant-colonel, one major and ten companies. Each company shall consist of one captain, one first lieutenant, two second lieutenants, four sergeants, four corporals, two musicians and ninety privates; and to each regiment there shall be one adjutant, and one sergeant-major.

7. The cavalry regiment shall consist of one colonel, one lieutenant-colonel, one major and ten companies. Each of which shall consist of one captain, one first lieutenant, two second lieutenants, four sergeants, four corporals, one farrier, one blacksmith, two musicians and sixty privates; also, of one adjutant and one sergeant-major.

8. There shall be four brigadier-generals, entitled to one aid-de-camp each.

9. All officers of the army shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Congress; and the rank and file shall be enlisted for not less than three or more than five years.

10. All officers are required to stand a creditable military examination.

11 and 12. Promotions in the army shall be made according to seniority and ability.

13. The pay of the brigadier-general is $3,612 per year, and his aid-de-camp (in addition to his pay as lieutenant) the sum of .$35 per month.

14. Monthly pay of the officers of the Corps of Engineers: colonel, $210; majors, $162; captains, $140; lieutenants serving with sappers and miners will receive the pay of cavalry officers of the same grade.

15. The monthly pay of the colonel of the artillery corps is $210; lieutenant-colonel, $185; majors, [41] $150; and when serving on ordnance duty, $162; captains, $130; lieutenants, $90 ; second lieutenants, $80. The adjutant, in addition to his pay as lieutenant, the sum of $10 per month. Officers serving in the light artillery, or performing ordnance duty, shall receive the same pay as officers of cavalry in the same grade.

16. The monthly pay of officers in the infantry regiment. Colonels, $195; lieutenant-colonels, $170; majors, $150; captains, $130; lieutenants, $90; second lieutenants, $80; and the adjutant, in addition to his pay as lieutenant, $10 per month.

17. The monthly pay of officers of cavalry: Colonel, $210; lieutenant-colonel, $185; major, $162; captains, $140; first lieutenant, $100; second lieutenants, $90; and the adjutant $10 per month in addition to his pay as lieutenant.

18. The pay of officers of the general staff (except those of the medical department,) will be the same as officers of cavalry of the same grade. The annual salary of the surgeon-general is $3,000, with fuel and quarters; monthly pay of surgeons of ten years service in that grade, $200; a surgeon of less time service, $162; assistant-surgeon of ten years service, $150; assistant-surgeon of five years service, $130, and for assistant of less than five years service, $110.

19. There shall be allowed, in addition to the pay herein before provided, to every commissioned officer, except the surgeon-general, $9 per month for every five years services, and to the officers of the army of the United States who have resigned, or may resign, to be received into the service of The Confederate States, this additional pay shall be allowed from the date of their entrance into the former service. There shall also be an additional monthly allowance to every general officer cammanding in chief a separate army actually in the field, the sum of $100.

20. The pay aforesaid shall be in full of all allowances, except forage, fuel, quarters, and travelling expenses, while travelling under orders, etc., etc.

21. Allows forage to officers, etc.

22. Monthly pay of enlisted men: Sergeants or master workmen of engineer corps, $34; corporals or overseers, $20; privates of first-class or artificers, 17; privates of second-class, or laborers, and musicians, $13; sergeant-major of cavalry, $21; first sergeant, $20; sergeants, $17 ; corporals, farriers, and blacksmiths, $13 ; musicians, $13; privates, $12; first sergeants, $20; sergeants, $17; corporals and artificers, $13; musicians, $12; and privates, $11. Non-commissioned officers, artificers, musicians, and privates serving in light batteries shall receive the same pay as those of cavalry.

23. The President is authorized to enlist all master workmen necessary to the ordnance service, not exceeding one hundred men, and at salaries ranging from $13 to $34 per month.

24. Each enlisted man shall receive one ration per day and clothing.

25. Refers to commutation of rations.

26. The Secretary of War is directed to prescribe the duties of every department of service.

27. Requires Quartermasters and Commissaries to give bonds.

28. Prohibits any officer from being interested in purchases made for the army.

29. The rules and articles of war of the United States, with slight exceptions, adopted by the Congress of the Confederate States.

30. The President is directed to call into service only so many of the troops herein provided for as he may deem necessary.

31. Repeals all conflicting laws.

The law is quite long, and hence the reason of the analysis, which will doubtless be more satisfactory to readers generally than the perusal of the entire law.

Below is a tabular statement of the number and grade of officers and men:

Rank.Engineer Corps.Artillery.Infantry.Cavalry.Total.
Number of Companies-406010110
First Lieutenants-806010150
Second Lieutenants-4012020180
Sergeant Majors-1618
Add Brigadier-Generals4
Aids to Brigadier-Generals4

--N. Y. Herald.

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