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[36] But though the orator will as a rule maintain what is true, this will not always be the case: there are occasions when the public interest demands that he should defend what is untrue.

The following objections are also put forward in the second book of Cicero's de Oratore:1—“Art deals with things that are known. But the pleading of an orator is based entirely on opinion, not on knowledge, because he speaks to an audience who do not know, [p. 343] and sometimes himself states things of which he has no actual knowledge.”

1 II. vii. 30.

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