No. 26.-report of Brig. Gen. Gordon Granger, U. S. Army, commanding cavalry division, of operations from April 23 to June 10.
Hdqrs. Cavalry Division, Army of the Mississippi, Near Corinth, June 19, 1862.General: The division which I have the honor to command is composed of four regiments of cavalry, of twelve companies each, comprising the First Brigade, under Col. J. K. Mizner, consisting of the Third  Michigan and Seventh Illinois, and the Second Brigade, consisting of the Second Iowa and Second Michigan, under Colonel Elliott. The division landed at Hamburg, on the Tennessee River, on the 23d of April last, and immediately commenced a series of scoutings and reconnaissances, embracing the whole country lying between the Memphis and Charleston Railroad on the south and the Monterey and Hamburg road on the north, embracing a scope of country of about 20 miles in breadth. The general character of the country thus explored was found to be a succession of high rolling ridges and intermediate low swampy bottoms, all heavily timbered, and the low lands, in addition, being covered with a dense growth of tangled vines and underwood almost impenetrable. These bottoms abound in streams, which at this time had overflowed their banks, flooding the low lands, and rendering them impassable for wagons and infantry until the construction of miles of corduroy roads and bridges. During the whole time of eighteen days occupied by the march of the army to Farmington my whole division was thus laboriously employed in the advance. Frequently the heavy rains would render the roads entirely impassable for wagons, and I was then obliged to pack out upon the saddle horses of my command the requisite supplies of rations and forage, thus doubling the labor of both men and animals. I desire here to remark that these arduous services and frequent privations have not only been cheerfully undergone by both officers and men, but in many instances the very unusual service to mounted men of building roads and bridges, earthworks for batteries, rifle pits, and lying in the trenches as infantry have likewise been undergone without a single murmur. Where almost every day brought with it some sharp skirmish with a vigilant enemy it seems useless to particularize, but a brief synopsis is herewith appended of some of the principal affairs in which this division has been engaged up to the arrival of the army in Farniington, a fuller account of which will be found in the subjoined reports of the officers in charge. April 24.-Colonel Elliott, commanding Second Brigade, with a battalion each of Second and Third Michigan, Second Iowa, and Seventh Illinois, proceeded to Greer's Ford. On the 26th Captain Fowler, Second Michigan, while on escort duty with his company, was fired upon by the enemy's pickets, severely wounding Private John Fosher, Company G. The enemy retreated, and the nature of the ground forbade much pursuit. Four companies, same regiment, under Major Shaw, drove in the enemy's pickets at Atkins' Mill. Had 1 man wounded. Colonel Elliott's force for several days was continually scouring the country toward Monterey. April 27.-Major Burton, with two companies each Third Michigan and Seventh Illinois, proceeded out on the Corinth road from Hamburg, attacked and drove in a body of 250 rebel cavalry, killing 5 and taking 22 prisoners, besides capturing 15 horses and equipments and 30 stand of arms. Captain Botham, Company L, Third Michigan Cavalry, in this affair acted with great bravery, killing 1 man and wounding another with his saber, and accompanied by Corporal Cochrane, Company L, and Private MacNab, Company M, only, he took 13 prisoners. April 29.-The Second Brigade, ColoneLElliott commanding, made a forced reconnaissance toward Monterey, attacked the enemy's camp near Monterey, driving him from it, and following him up until he covered himself by his artillery, under a heavy fire from which the command was withdrawn, the Second Iowa losing 1 private killed, 3  wounded. Returned to camp with 9 prisoners captured. No casualties in the Second Michigan. May 3.-The Second Iowa Regiment, under Lieutenant-Colonel Hatch, proceeded to a point on the Memphis and Charleston Railroad between Burnsville and Glendale, and destroyed the track by burning the trestle work, bending the rails, and destroying the switches. Captured 3 wagons, 10 mules, and 4 prisoners. One battalion of the Second Michigan, Captain Alger commanding, made a reconnaissance toward the Memphis and Charleston Railroad, encountering the enemy and taking 9 prisoners. No casualties. May 4.--Lieutenant-Colonel Minty, Third Michigan Cavalry, with Companies A, E, I, and K, Third Michigan Cavalry, being ordered to report to General Paine, was sent in the advance on the Farmington road with three companies. He encountered the enemy, 300 strong, on Farmington Heights, drove them back after a sharp running fight of an hour, losing only 1 man wounded. This was the day of the first reconnaissance toward Farmington, and Colonel Minty, with his cavalry, occupied the field the following night. On this day also Captain Quackenbush, Company G, Third Michigan, who had been detached under command of Colonel Roberts, Forty-second Regiment Illinois Volunteers, was ordered to explore the road to Nichols' Ford. Within half a mile of the ford he came upon about 75 of the enemy, who retired. Farther on, at a cross-road they rallied to dispute his passage, but his dismounted riflemen speedily scattered them, leaving in their flight tents, knapsacks, and blankets in abundance. May 8.-Major Love, Second Iowa Cavalry, was sent down to the Memphis and Charleston Railroad southeast of Farmington. When within half a mile of the railroad he met the enemy's pickets, drove them in nearly to the railroad, when he encountered a large body of infantry and cavalry, whom he engaged, with a loss of 1 killed and 3 wounded. Lieutenant Washburn, having had his horse shot under him, was taken prisoner, but cut through the enemy and effected his escape. Having accomplished his reconnaissance, Major Love returned, with no further loss. A report having reached me in the mean time that Major Love's battalion was in great danger of being surrounded by a largely-superior force, I immediately dispatched Lieutenant-Colonel Gorham, with eight companies of Second Michigan, and Lieutenant Gordon, with one company of Fourth Regular Cavalry, to his assistance; but Major Love having meanwhile extricated himself from his perilous position, they returned to their stations. Colonel Elliott also, in the forenoon, proceeded with three battalions of his command to the Memphis and Charleston Railroad by a road leading south from Farmington, but meeting the enemy in large force, both of artillery, infantry, and cavalry, was forced to retire. On this day also Lieutenant-Colonel Minty, with two battalions of Third Michigan Cavalry, under Majors Gray and Moyers, and one battalion of Seventh Illinois, under Major Applington, proceeded to the junction of the Purdy, Corinth and Farmington roads, in a dense wood. The wood was gallantly cleared of the enemy by a charge of Captain Wilcox, Company B, Third Michigan Cavalry. Major Gray, Third Michigan, with three companies, was ordered by General Paine to support Houghtaling's battery, which was efficiently done. Lieutenant-Colonel Minty being ordered to charge in front, did so, but finding the enemy too strong, retired. In this charge Major Applington fell while gallantly leading  his battalion, and a private of the Seventh Illinois was severely wounded in the lungs. This was the day of our first occupation of Farmington, and subsequent events warrant me in saying that these constant movements of large bodies of my command upon our extreme left throughout the day effectually prevented the enemy from consummating his plan of a flank movement. May 9.-The enemy having this day appeared in strong force to dispute our occupation of Farmington, Lieutenant-Colonel Hatch, Second Iowa Cavalry, was ordered by me to the front, with his regiment, the Second Michigan, under Lieutenant-Colonel Gorham, being held in reserve. On arriving at Seven Mile Creek, 1 mile from Farmington, he found General Paine's division hotly pressed and in some confusion. Crossing the causeway and bridge over the creek, he found three batteries, sweeping every approach from the creek. The ground was much broken by hills and ravines and utterly unsuited to cavalry movements, but nevertheless, upon receiving the order from General Paine to charge, Colonel Hatch divided his force sending Major Hepburn, with the First Battalion, to charge the left battery, while himself, accompanied by Majors Love and Coon, with the Second and Third Battalions, charged upon the center and right batteries in .splendid style, driving in the strong force of the enemy's skirmishers and battery support with great fury, and completely silencing the fire of both batteries; but finding the enemy's infantry in great force in the woods in the rear of the batteries lie retired in good order, but with a loss of no less than 43 killed, wounded, and missing, besides a large number of horses. I cannot but express my conviction that this heavy loss was attributable to the entirely unfit nature of the ground over which the charge was ordered. Major Hepburn found his ground entirely impracticable, his men being unable to reach the guns in the left battery, yet the enemy, evidently alarmed at his charge, suspended their fire. Major Hepburn then retired his command to the foot of the hill in good order and with no loss. The object of the charge, however, was entirely accomplished. The infantry and artillery who were crowding the narrow causeway in much confusion were given time by it to extricate themselves, retire, and form upon the opposite side, and the gallant Hescock had time to withdraw his battery, which had been in some danger. May 10.-Major Burton, with six companies of the Third Michigan and Seventh Illinois Cavalry, was sent on a reconnaissance toward Sharp's Mill. He found the road densely obstructed by felled trees, but no enemy. Upon returning to his camp he was fired upon by General Buford's pickets through mistake, and ere it was rectified two shots were fired from a battery of General Buford's brigade, one of which killed a private of Major Burton's command. On this day Captain Latimer, Company E, Third Michigan, while on picket duty before Farmington, had a brisk skirmish with the enemy's pickets, losing 1 man taken prisoner and several slightly wounded. Six companies Second Iowa and six companies Second Michigan, with one battery, Colonel Elliott commanding, made a forced reconnaissance on the Alabama road. No casualties. May 12.-One battalion Second Michigan, under Captain Campbell and one battalion Second Iowa, under Major Hepburn, encountered the enemy's pickets near Farmington, and drove them some distance in the direction of Corinth. May 13.-Colonel Elliott, with his brigade, consisting of the Second  Iowa and Second Michigan, the Third Michigan and a section of Powell's battery, made a heavy reconnaissance to the front of Farmington toward Corinth and to the Memphis and Charleston Railroad upon two roads to the left of Farmington. The pickets were driven in about half a mile upon the left of Corinth road, and several Parrott shells were fired at a point where Colonel Elliott supposed their grand-guard headquarters to be. This had the effect to scatter the pickets out of sight, and the object of the reconnaissance being accomplished, the command returned with no casualties. May 15.-Two battalions Second Michigan, under Captain Campbell, with one battalion Second Iowa, under Major Coon, made a reconnaissance toward and near the Memphis and Charleston Railroad, ;n which they had a slight skirmish, with no casualties. On the evening of the 16th I received verbal orders from the majorgeneral commanding to have the cavalry in readiness at daylight the next morning to move on Farmington and guard the approaches to that place, and also join him in a reconnaissance of the position, with a view to posting our corps d'arm6e upon the extreme left of the advance upon Corinth. I accordingly moved with my cavalry about 6 o'clock a. m. to Farmington, and after posting a considerable portion of it on various roads reported to General Pope in person, and from him received orders to carefully examine the position to be occupied by our left flank, which I did, and reported the result as soon as completed. This reconnaissance continued until a little past 12 o'clock m., when we returned to our camp, on the east of Seven Mile Creek. Shortly after my return I received orders from the general commanding to proceed to Farmington again, and post the whole army upon the ground generally indicated by him in the morning. I immediately directed the entire line of pickets to be advanced, and they were accordingly pushed forward nearly 2 miles, and posted one-half to threequarters of a mile in front of Farmington. This important and hazardous service was most successfully performed by Capt. R. O. Selfridge, assistant adjutant-general. Both General Stanley's and General Hamilton's divisions were early upon the ground, but in consequence of the dilatory movements of General Paine's division they were obliged to wait until dark ere they could be assigned to their positions. At dusk the major general commanding, accompanied by the Assistant Secretary of War (Scott), arrived and rode over the ground. By 9 o'clock the work of fortifying had proceeded to a considerable extent, and by daylight the next morning our works had become so formidable as to preclude any attempt by the enemy to dislodge us. May 17.-On this day Farmington was reached and occupied by the army, the entire cavalry force, excepting the Seventh Illinois, being engaged all day in actively and diligently scouting every road leading out from Farmington. May 19.-Major Moyers' Third Battalion Third Michigan, made a reconnaissance to the front and left of Farmington, driving back the enemy's pickets a mile to a cover of fallen timber, killing 3, with a loss on our side of 2 wounded slightly, 1 horse killed, and 2 wounded. The troops behaved with great coolness, advancing within 75 yards of the enemy's cover under a galling fire. May 22.-Lieutenant CaldwelPs company (G), Third Michigan, being on picket, was attacked by a large force as skirmishers, and though flanked, he held his position until relieved, losing 1 man wounded. Enemy's loss unknown. Colonel Mizuer, with detachments of Third  Michigan and Seventh Illinois, made a reconnaissance to Burnsville and Iuka and the country lying between Chambers and Yellow Creeks. He was absent two days, thoroughly exploring the country by forced marches. He took several prisoners, but met with no enemy in force. On the 28th May I detached Colonel Elliott, with his brigade, consisting of the Second Iowa and Second Michigan, with instructions to penetrate by some circuitous route the country to the south, and strike, if possible, the Mobile and Ohio Railroad at some point 30 or 40 miles below Corinth. This expedition, although a very hazardous and arduous service was attended with the most complete success. Colonel Elliott succeeded in reaching the railroad at Booneville, some 30 miles below Corinth, and after a sharp skirmish with about 250 of the enemy's cavalry succeeded in obtaining possession of the town, which contained from 2,000 to 3,000 of the enemy's sick, wounded, and convalescent, together with a train of 26 cars, filled with arms, ammunition, baggage, and equipments, and 3 pieces of artillery and a locomotive, all of which he destroyed. He also burned the depot, which was filled with provisions and military stores of every description. He also cut the railroad in a number of places, and having accomplished all this immense damage to the enemy, he returned unmolested to his camp at Farmington, his entire casualties having been but 1 wounded and 9 taken prisoners. On the 30th of May, the enemy having evacuated Corinth, I started from Farmington in pursuit with the First Brigade, under Colonel Mizner, consisting of the Third Michigan and Seventh Illinois and Powell's battery of six guns. I found the country very rugged and broken and heavily timbered, and the road strewn with blankets, knapsacks, small-arms, carriages, and wagons, broken and abandoned by the enemy in his flight. I met with no obstruction until I arrived at Tuscumbia Creek, 8 miles south of Corinth. Here the road passes down a steep hill to the bottom, over which it crosses by a narrow causeway for 300 yards to the bridge across the creek. The causeway was greatly obstructed by felled trees the entire distance, and here I found the enemy's pickets stationed in the woods in strong force. Colonel Bissell's regiment was accompanying my command to clear away obstructions, and I ordered two companies of it to deploy as skirmishers and drive back the enemy, sending at the same time one company of the Seventh Illinois Cavalry, under Major Rawalt, to pick their way around the obstructions in the road and charge over the bridge, but on proceeding 200 yards they were met by a severe fire of grape from a masked battery near the bridge, and were obliged to retreat, with a loss of 1 killed and 6 badly wounded and 6 horses killed and wounded. The two companies of engineers incontinently fled at the first fire, many of them throwing away their arms. It having by this time become nearly dark, I retired my whole force to the open ground on the hill and bivouacked for the night. On this day Captain Kendrick, Second Iowa Cavalry, with 30 men, having taken the Ripley road came up with the enemy about 24 miles from Corinth, and after exchanging a few shots followed them about 2 miles farther, taking 50 prisoners and saving three bridges. He found a large force burning a bridge and attacked them, when they opened fire from a battery of three guns, and he retired in good order, with a loss of I man killed and 1 wounded, 2 horses killed and 2 wounded. On Sunday, the 1st of June, the enemy having evacuated Tuscumbia Creek, I recommenced the pursuit, passing Rienzi, fording the streams with my cavalry and artillery with much difficulty, the bridges all havying  been destroyed. I bivouacked 1 mile north of Booneville at 1.30 o'clock a. m., and entered that town at 5 o'clock on the morning of the 2d of June, where I remained that day, sending out from thence my cavalry in every direction toward the retreating enemy. In this service Lieutenants Dykeman, Reese, and Ives particularly distinguished themselves in obtaining accurate and extensive knowledge of the adjacent country. Lieutenant-Colonel Smith, who had joined me at Rienzi with the First Ohio, and Colonel Ingersoll, with one battalion of the Eleventh Illinois, rendered most valuable assistance in reconnoitering. On arriving at Booneville I ascertained that the enemy had marched from that point by four different routes-Price and Van Dorn taking the two roads to the east of the railroad, striking the lower crossing of Twenty Mile Creek some 14 miles from Booneville; other portions of their troops fled by the two roads to the west, one leading by Crockett's Crossing, Osborn's and Wolf's Creeks, and the other by Dick Smith's, both debouching at Blackland. I further learned that Polk's and Bragg's columns had passed down, and were passing at the time on roads still more to the westward, one diverging from Rienzi, the other leading direct from Corinth through Kossuth. Being now some 10 miles in advance of our main infantry advance I deemed it prudent to halt a portion of my force with the battery and carefully reconnoiter all the routes and country lying between Booneville, Blackland, and Twenty Mile Creek, particularly as the most reliable information I could gather led me to believe that the rebels were at these places in force. Accordingly I started scouts on all the roads above mentioned to push rapidly and vigorously on and determine the whereabouts of the enemy. At 7 o'clock messengers arrived almost simultaneously from all the scouts, reporting the enemy in force at several points on Twenty Mile Creek, particularly at the main crossings. The railroad and bridges were found to be on fire. These reports all being confirmed by subsequent information, on the 3d of June I received orders to make a forced reconnaissance toward Baldwin. I proceeded with the Third Michigan and Seventh Illinois Cavalry, the first division under Colonel Morgan, and Powells, Hescock's, and Houghtaling's batteries, by the main road to Baldwin, on the left-hand road from Booneville. Proceeding some 4 miles, where the road forks, I pushed forward, Captain Botham, Company L, Third Michigan, on the left, and Lieutenant Dykeman, with two companies Third Michigan, on the right hand roads. Leaving Colonel Morgan, with a part of his division and Hescock's and Houghtaling's batteries, to guard tle right-hand road, I followed with Colonel Roberts' brigade, Powell's battery, and the rest of the cavalry, upon the left or main Baldwin road, upon which was now heard sharp firing. Pressing on, I overtook at another fork of the road, near a grist mill, Captain Botham, who had driven the enemy's pickets in nearly 4 miles, with a loss of 3 men killed and wounded and several horses wounded. Stationing at the mill five companies of infantry and one company of cavalry, to command the roads that were found to branch from there into Twenty Mile Creek, I pushed on with the rest of the command. The enemy slowly retired, skirmishing. I continued to press him closely, with the Forty-second Illinois deployed in the woods as skirmishers and portions of the Third Michigan and Seventh Illinois Cavalry far out on some cleared land on my left flank, and Powell's battery by sections and the rest of Roberts' brigade closely following, in which order we arrived within 1 miles of Twenty Mile Creek. We  ascertained from a deserter that the enemy were in strong force upon the creek, both in artillery, infantry, and cavalry, and we were rapidly pressing on to drive him from his position before dark, when I received the order to return to Booneville with the whole command, which I did arriving in camp at 10 o'clock p. m. Too much praise cannot be awarded to Colonel Roberts and his splendid brigade, or to Captain Powell, for the promptitude and eagerness they all manifested to closely engage the enemy, and it was a matter of regret to all that time seemed to disallow farther pursuit. June 3.-Lieutenant Colonel Smith, First Ohio Cavalry, with seven companies, made a reconnaissance toward Ripley. At Blackland he encountered the enemy, 100 strong, whom he charged and drove in, wounding several, taking 1 prisoner, and capturing their animals, wagons, and several guns dropped by the enemy in his flight. Colonel Smith reports Sergeant-Major Scott as having been in this affair particularly distinguished for coolness and daring. June 4.-Colonel Elliott, with his brigade and four guns of Powell's battery, was sent down the Blackland road. Arriving at Osborn's Creek, he encountered the pickets of the enemy, which the riflemen of the Second Michigan drove in for about 4 miles. Crossing the bridge at Wolf's Creek, he encountered the enemy in heavy force. The fire of the skirmishers continuing brisk, he placed Captain Powell's four guns in position, where, under Captain Powell and Lieutenant McMurray, they did excellent service. Colonel Sheridan, Second Michigan, and Lieutenant-Colonel Hatch, Second Iowa, Cavalry, conducted with great skill and coolness the operations of their respective commands. Lieutenant-Colonel Smith, First Ohio Cavalry, who had reported to Colonel Elliott with Companies E, I, and M, was directed to act as a support to Lieutenant Barnett's section of artillery, which duty was gallantly done, although exposed to a fire from the enemy. His position not being tenable, Colonel Elliott retired his force in good order across the bridge. His loss was 2 killed, 8 wounded, and 2 missing. The list would have been largely increased had not the enemy fired too high. A prisoner reports the loss in killed and wounded of the enemy at 30. On June 6 Colonel Sheridan made a reconnaissance toward Baldwin, on the left-hand road from Booneville. He proceeded about 7 miles, when he encountered a regiment of rebel cavalry and an independent Georgia company of mounted scouts. Dismounting five companies, he vigorously attacked and drove them back for 2 miles, taking prisoner Captain Avery, of the Georgia company. Meeting the enemy's infantry in considerable force on his left flank, and having advanced until his rear was in advance of the railroad bridge, where the enemy was known to be posted in force, Colonel Sheridan withdrew his command to camp. His only casualty was 1 man severely wounded. Loss of the enemy unknown. On the same day Lieutenant-Colonel Hatch, with the Second Iowa Cavalry, made a reconnaissance on the road still farther to the east of the one taken by Colonel Sheridan, but found no enemy save a few scattering pickets. On June 9 the Second Brigade, under Colonel Sheridan, was ordered to proceed to Baldwin by night, to ascertain if the enemy had evacuated that place. He arrived at Baldwin at 4 o'clock on the morning of the 10th, and found the enemy had retired. Lieutenant-Colonel Hatch was then directed to proceed with a battalion each of the Second Iowa and Second Michigan in the direction of Guntown, which he did,  coming upon the rear of the enemy about 1J miles from that town. He attacked them and drove in their pickets and guards, and compelled the enemy to turn out his artillery ere he was checked. He then returned to Ba.dwin, and the brigade returned to camp near Booneville, having taken 6 prisoners. On June 4 Captain Patten First Ohio Cavalry, on outpost duty 4 miles west of Booneville, with Companies L and D, 48 men, was attacked by, and after a sharp action of three-fourths of an hour succeeded by coolness and discipline in repulsing, 250 of the enemy's cavalry, with serious loss. Our loss, 7 wounded. The officers and men of the division have behaved admirably. To command such troops is indeed an honor. Amid pelting rain and tropical heats, through the dense morasses or the blinding dust of the hills, by night or by day, enduring the fatigues of forced marches, with scant subsistence oftentimes for both themselves and their animals, every duty has been cheerfully undertaken and every privation submitted to without a murmur. Where all have done so well it is difficult to particularize. I may, however, without appearing invidious, mention the following as worthy of favorable consideration: Capt. R. O. Selfridge, assistant-adjutant general, and Lieut. T. G. Beaham, aidedecamp, of my own staff, have been untiring and zealous to a degree entitling them to the gratitude of their country and the favorable consideration of the general-in-chief. Colonel Elliott. Lieutenant-Colonel Hatch, Majors Hepburn, Coon, and Love, and Captain Kendrick, of the Second Iowa; Colonel Mizner, Lieutenant-Colonel Minty, Captains Botham, Saylor, Quackenbush, and Latimer, Lieutenants Reese, Dykeman, Adamson, Newell, and Sergeant Rodgers, Company C, Third Michigan; Colonel Sheridan, Captains Alger, Campbell, and Godley, Lieutenants Nicholson, Weber, and Carter, Second Michigan; Major Rawalt, Seventh Illinois; Lieutenant-Colonel Smith and Captain Patten, First Ohio, have well and faithfully performed their whole duty, and merit the highest consideration from their general and their country. The following are the casualties sustained by this division from Apri 24 to June 6, 1862: