Sabbath morning, September 8, Parson Osgood
read from the pulpit the momentous words which freed the Colonies from the mother country.
On the day when the Declaration was adopted the voters of Medford
were conferring about bounty, which was to be paid to thirty men called for to go to Canada
With reports of Canadian defeats, and the personal experiences of their townsmen fresh in their minds, men were slow to come forward, in spite of bounty offered by town and province.
Armed with authority to offer £ 8 per man to all who would enlist, and to pay each $2 at time of enlistment, Lieut. Moses Tufts
and Samuel Tufts
went out into ‘Hampshire County
and elsewhere’ to hire the men. The treasury was empty, and the Town
Treasurer was empowered to borrow £ 240 to pay the men. Benjamin Hall loaned £ 66-13-4, Richard Hall, £ 53-6-8, and Stephen Hall, Tertius
, £ 120. This did not prove enough, and £ 226-5-4 was raised by private subscription.
Seventy-four men contributed sums varying from £ 24 to pay. The Canadian
army having retired to Crown Point
, these recruits were sent to Ticonderoga
After the defeat of the army at Long Island
, alarm men were called for. September 23 thirteen men marched to New York, and served about two months. We have not found the name of one of these men. Drafts followed thick and fast.
In November and December men were called for. Some of those drawn enlisted for the war. Others paid substitutes.
At that time every fifth man was ordered into the army, either for home defence or in New York.
Men were suffering from camp distemper at Ticonderoga
; Forts Washington
had been evacuated; the time of many of the troops had expired.
The outlook was dark.
December 3 the voters met at the meeting-house to draft men and raise money.
's victory at Trenton
revived the courage of the people, and his