At the time of the Revolution several gentlemen in Medford
They were uniformly well treated.
Mr. Zachariah Pool
owned a slave named Scipio
In his will Mr. Pool
left money to Benjamin Hall and others, in trust, for Scipio
He was boarded with a family of free negroes, and when he died his guardians followed him to the grave.
This story was told me by one of Mr. Pool
's descendants, and is in contradiction of Mrs. Lydia Maria Child
's version, in one of her books, which says that Scipio
at the settlement of the estate.
The negro's name appears on the tax list in 1778.
was a negro servant of Stephen Hall, Esq.
He married Chloe
, the servant of Richard Hall, in 1772.
An amusing story is told of Prince
's struggle with a sixty-five-pound bass in Mystic river
, at low tide.
The negro tried to carry the fish to land in his arms.
Two trials proved failures, but the third was successful.
thought his prize worthy to be presented to the commander at Winter Hill
He dressed the fish, and putting on his best clothes, borrowed his master's wagon, and drove to headquarters with his present.
He was rewarded with—six cents! That this extreme liberality did not make a Tory of him is shown by his subsequent career.
He ran away and enlisted, March 31, 1777, for the war.
Slaves who enlisted with the consent of their masters became free at once.
was a runaway, his master probably claimed him, and he returned to Medford
in the early part of 1778.
In June, 1778, he went into the army again for nine months, this time with the consent of Mr. Hall
, for on May 25 Prince
signed the following receipt: ‘Received of the Town of Medford
, by Richard Hall $35 in part for my bounty from said town which I promise to march to join the army for nine months for said town, when called for, as witness my hand, Prince Hall.’
was thirty years old and was five feet five