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[105] “But,” objection was further made, “even if1 Jupiter had been angry, he could not have inflicted greater injury upon Regulus than Regulus brought upon himself.”

Quite true, if there is no evil except pain. But philosophers2 of the highest authority assure us that pain is not only not the supreme evil but no evil at all. And pray do not disparage Regulus, as no unimportant witness—nay, I am rather inclined to think he was the very best witness—to the truth of their doctrine. For what more competent witness do we ask for than one of the foremost citizens of Rome, who voluntarily faced torture for the sake of being true to his moral duty?

Again, they say, “Of evils choose the least”— [p. 385] that is, shall one “choose moral wrong rather than3 misfortune,” or is there any evil greater than moral wrong? For if physical deformity excites a certain amount of aversion, how offensive ought the deformity and hideousness of a demoralized soul to seem!

1 What is evil?

2 The Stoics

3 (2) no evil can be greater than moral wrong;

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