has decided for herself.
We have decided that the negro shall not be a slave, and we have at the same time decided that he shall not vote; or serve on juries or enjoy political privileges.
I am content with that system of policy which we have adopted for ourselves.
I deny the right of any other State to complain of our policy in that respect, or to interfere with it, or to attempt to change it. On the other hand, the State of Maine
has decided that in that State a negro man may vote on an equality with the white man. The sovereign power of Maine
had the right to prescribe that rule for herself.
has no right to complain of Maine
for conferring the right of negro suffrage, nor Maine
any right to interfere with, or complain of Illinois
because she has denied negro suffrage: The State of New York
has decided by her Constitution that a negro may vote, provided that he own $250 worth of property, but not otherwise.
The rich negro can vote, but the poor one cannot.
Although that distinction does not commend itself to my judgment, yet I assert that the sovereign power of New York had a right to prescribe that form of the elective franchise.
and other States have provided that negroes, or a certain class of them in those States, shall be slaves having neither civil or political rights.
Without indorsing the wisdom of that decision, I assert that Virginia
has the same power by virtue of her sovereignty to protect slavery within her limits, as Illinois
has to banish it forever from our own borders.
I assert the right of each State to decide for itself on all these questions, and I do not subscribe to the doctrine of my friend, Mr. Lincoln
, that uniformity is either desirable or possible.
I do not acknowledge that the States must all be free or must all be slave.
I do not acknowledge that the negro must have civil and political rights everywhere or nowhere.
I do not acknowledge that the Chinese must have the same rights in California
that we would confer upon him here.
I do not acknowledge that the Cooley imported into this country must necessarily be put upon an equality with the white race.
I do not acknowledge any of these doctrines of uniformity in the local and domestic regulations in the different States.
Thus you see, my fellow-citizens, that the issues between Mr. Lincoln
and myself, are respective candidates for the U. S. Senate, as made up, are direct, unequivocal, and irreconcilable.
He goes for uniformity in our domestic institutions, for a war of sections, until one or the other shall be subdued.
I go for the great principle of the Kansas
bill the right of the people to decide for themselves.
On the other point, Mr. Lincoln
goes for a warfare upon the Supreme Court of the United States
, because of their judicial decision in the Dred Scott
I yield obedience to the decisions in that court — to the final determination of the highest judicial tribunal known to our constitution.
He objects to the Dred Scott
decision because it does not put the negro in the possession of the rights of citizenship on an equality with the white man. I am opposed to negro equality.
I repeat that this nation is a white people — a people composed of European
descendants — a people that have established this government for themselves and their posterity, and I am in favor of preserving not only the purity of the blood, but the purity of the government from any mixture or amalgamation with inferior races.
I have seen the effects of this mixture of superior and inferior races-this amalgamation of white men and Indians and negroes ; we have seen it in Mexico
, in Central America
, in South America
, and in all the Spanish-American States
, and its result has been degeneration, demoralization, and degradation below the capacity for self-government.
I am opposed to taking any step that recognizes the negro man or the Indian
as the equal of the white man, I am opposed to giving him a voice in the administration of the government.
I would extend to the negro, and the Indian
, and to all dependent races every right, every privilege, and every immunity consistent with the safety and welfare of the white races ; but equality they never should have, either political or social, or in any other respect whatever.
My friends, you see that the issues are distinctly drawn.
I stand by the same platform that I have so often proclaimed to you and to the people of Illinois