If they believe it is wrong in grasping up the new lands of the continent, and keeping them from the settlement of free white laborers, who want the land to bring up their families upon ; if they are in earnest, although they may make a mistake, they will grow restless, and the time will come when they will come back again and reorganize, if not by the same name, at least upon the same principles as their party now has. It is better, then, to save the work while it is begun.
You have done the. labor; maintain it — keep it. If men choose to serve you, go with them ; but as you have made up your organization upon principle, stand by it; for, as surely as God reigns over you, and has inspired your mind, and given you a sense of propriety, and continues to give you hope, so surely will you still cling to these ideas, and you will at last come back again after your wanderings, merely to do your work over again.
We were often — more than once at least — in the course of Judge Douglas
's speech last night, reminded that this government was made for white men — that he believed it was made for white men. Well, that is putting it into a shape in which no one wants to deny it ; but the Judge
then goes into his passion for drawing inferences that are not warranted.
I protest, now and forever, against that counterfeit logic: which presumes that because I did not want a negro woman for a slave, I do necessarily want her for a wife.
My understanding is that I need not have her for either, but,, as God made us separate, we can leave one another alone, and do one another much good thereby.
There are white men enough to marry all the white women, and enough black men to marry all the black women, and in God's name let them be so married.
regales us with the terrible enormities that take place by the mixture of races ; that the inferior race bears the superior down.
, if we do not let them get together in the Territories
they wont mix there.
A voice--“Three cheers for Lincoln
(The cheers were given with a hearty good will.)
--I should say at least that that is a self-evident truth.
Now, it happens that we meet together once every year, sometimes about the 4th of July, for some reason or other.
These 4th of July gatherings I suppose have their uses, If you will indulge me, I will state what I suppose to be some of them.
We are now a mighty nation ; we are thirty, or about thirty millions of people, and we own and inhabit about one-fifteenth part of the dry land of the whole earth.
We run our memory back over the pages of history for about eighty-two years, and we discover that we were then a very small people in point of numbers, vastly inferior to what we are now, with a vastly less extent of country, with vastly less of everything we deem desirable among men-we look upon the change as exceedingly advantageous to us and to our posterity, and we fix upon something that happened away back, as in some way or other being connected with this rise of prosperity.
We find a race of men living in that day whom we claim as our fathers and grandfathers ; they were iron men ; they fought for the principle that they were contending for; and we understood that by what they then did it has followed that the degree of prosperity which we now enjoy has come to us. We hold this annual celebration to remind ourselves of all the good done in this process of time, of how it was done and who did it, and how we are historically connected with it ; and we go from these meetings in better humor with ourselves-we feel more attached the one to the other, and more firmly bound to the country we inhabit.
In every way we are better men in the age, and race, and country in which we live, for these celebrations.
But after we have done all this we have not yet reached the whole.
There is something else connected with it. We have besides these, men-descended by blood from our ancestors-among us, perhaps half our people, who are not descendants at all of these men ; they are men who have come from Europe
-German, Irish, French and Scandinavian-men that have come from Europe
themselves, or whose ancestors have come hither and settled here, finding themselves our equals in all things.
If they look back through this history to trace their connection with those days by blood,