“plan of the campaign,” the Judge
has evidently promised himself that tears shall be drawn down the cheeks of all Old Whigs, as large as half-grown apples.
, too, was mentioned; but it did not quite come to a death-bed scene, as to him. It would be amusing, if it were not disgusting, to see how quick these compromise-breakers administer on the political elects of their dead adversaries, trumping up claims never before heard of, and dividing the assets among themselves.
If I should be found dead to-morrow morning, nothing but my insignificance could prevent a speech being made on my authority, before the end of next week.
It so happens that in that “popular sovereignty” with which Mr. Clay
was identified, the Missouri Compromise
was expressly reserved; and it was a little singular if Mr. Clay
cast his mantle upon Judge Douglas
on purpose to have that compromise repealed.
Again, the Judge
did not keep faith with Mr. Clay
when he first brought in his Nebraska
He left the Missouri Compromise
unrepealed, and in his report accompanying the bill, he told the world he did it on purpose.
The manes of Mr. Clay
must have been in great agony, till thirty days later, when “popular sovereignty” stood forth in all its glory.
One more thing.
Last night Judge Douglas
tormented himself with horrors about my disposition to make negroes perfectly equal with white men in social and political relations.
He did not stop to show that I have said any such thing, or that it legitimately follows from any thing I have said, but be rushes on with his assertions.
I adhere to the Declaration of Independence
If Judge Douglas
and his friends are not willing to stand by it, let them come up and amend it. Let them make it read that all men are created equal except negroes.
Let us have it decided, whether the Declaration of Independence
, in this blessed year of 1858, shall be thus amended.
In his construction of the Declaration last year, he said it only meant that Americans
were equal to Englishmen in England
Then, when I pointed out to him that by that rule he excludes the Germans, the Irish, the Portuguese, and all the other people who have come amongst us since the Revolution, he reconstructs his construction.
In his last speech he tells us it meant Europeans.
I press him a little further, and ask if it meant to include the Russians in Asia
or does he mean to exclude that vast population from the principles of our Declaration of Independence
I expect ere long he will introduce another amendment to his definition.
He is not at all particular.
He is satisfied with any thing which does not endanger the nationalizing of negro slavery.
It may draw white men down, but it must not lift negroes up. Who shall say, “I am the superior, and you are the inferior?”
My declarations upon this subject of negro slavery may be misrepresented, but cannot be misunderstood.
I have said that I do not understand the Declaration to mean that all men were created equal in all respects.
They are not our equal in color; but I suppose that it does mean to declare that all men are equal in some respects; they are equal in their right to “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.”
Certainly the negro is not our equal in color-perhaps not in many other respects; still, in the right to put into his mouth the bread that his own hands have earned, he is the equal of every other man, white
In pointing out that more has been given you, you cannot be justified in taking away the little which has been given him. All I ask for the negro is that if you do not like him, let him alone.
If God gave him but little, that little let him enjoy.
When our Government was established, we had the institution of slavery among us. We were in a certain sense compelled to tolerate its existence.
It was a sort of necessity.
We had gone through our struggle and secured our own independence.
The framers of the Constitution
found the institution of slavery amongst their other institutions at the time.
They found that, by an effort to eradicate it, they might, lose much of what they had already gained.
They were obliged to bow to the necessity.
They gave power to Congress to abolish the slave trade at the end of twenty years. They also prohibited it in the Territories
where it did not