was a question of fact and not of principle.
As to the principle, all were agreed.
voted with the Republicans upon that matter of fact.
He and they, by their voices and votes, denied that it was a fair emanation of the people.
The Administration affirmed that it was. With respect to the evidence bearing upon that question of fact, I readily agree that Judge Douglas
and the Republicans had the right on their side, and that the Administration was wrong.
But I state again that, as a matter of principle, there is no dispute upon the right of a people in a Territory, merging into a State to form a Constitution for themselves without outside interference from any quarter.
This being so, what is Judge Douglas
going to spend his life for?
Is he going to spend his life in maintaining a principle that nobody on earth opposes?
Does he expect to stand up in majestic dignity, and go through his apotheosis
and become a god, in the maintaining of a principle which neither man nor mouse in all God's creation is opposing?
Now something in regard to the Lecompton Constitution
more specially; for I pass from this other question of popular sovereignty as the most arrant humbug that has ever been attempted on an intelligent community.
As to the Lecompton Constitution
, I have already said that on the question of fact as to whether it was a fair emanation of the people or not, Judge Douglas
with the Republicans and some Americans
had greatly the argument against the Administration ; and while I repeat this, I wish to know what there is in the opposition of Judge Douglas
to the Lecompton Constitution
that entitles him to be considered the only opponent to it — as being par excellence
the very quintessence
of that opposition.
I agree to the rightfulness of his opposition.
He in the Senate and his class of men there formed the number three
and no more.
In the House of Representatives, his class of men — the Anti-Lecompton Democrats-formed a number of about twenty.
It took one hundred and twenty to defeat the measure: against one hundred and twelve.
Of the votes of that one hundred and twenty, Judge Douglas
's friends furnished twenty, to add to which there were six Americans
and ninety-four Republicans.
I do not say that I am precisely accurate in their numbers, but I am sufficiently so for any use I am making of it.
Why is it that twenty shall be entitled to all the credit of doing that work, and the hundred none of it?
Why, if, as Judge Douglas
says, the honor is to be divided and due credit is to be given to other parties, why is just so much given as is consonant with the wishes, the interests and advancement of the twenty?
My understanding is, when a common job is done, or a common enterprise prosecuted, if I put in five dollars to your one, I have a right to take out five dollars to your one.
But he does not so understand it. He declares the dividend of credit for defeating Lecompton
upon a basis which seems unprecedented and incomprehensible.
Let us see. Lecompton
in the raw was defeated.
It afterward took a sort of cooked up shape, and was passed in the English
It is said by the Judge
that the defeat was a good and proper thing.
If it was a good thing, why is he entitled to more credit than others, for the performance of that good act, unless there was something in the antecedents of the Republicans that might induce every one to expect them to join in that good work, and at the same time, something leading them to doubt that he would?
Does he place his superior claim to credit, on the ground that he performed a good act which was never expected of him?
He says I have a proneness for quoting scripture.
If I should do so now, it occurs that perhaps he places himself somewhat upon the ground of the parable of the lost sheep which went astray upon the mountains, and when the owner of the hundred sheep found the one that was lost, and threw it upon his shoulders, and came home rejoicing, it was said that there was more rejoicing over the one sheep that was lost and had been found, than over the ninety and nine in the fold.
The application is made by the Saviour in this parable, thus : “Verily, I say unto you, there is more rejoicing in heaven over one sinner that repenteth, than over ninety and nine just persons that need no repentance.”