Since even the important Grant literature offers a pilgrimage of reading such as few have leisure to undertake, those books most directly and compactly authentic or remunerative have been marked with a star. Works of controversy are not included. Several volumes, once conspicuous, are omitted because of their present trifling value. It is impracticable to enumerate many documents,--Sumner's speeches, for example,--essential though they be to the student.

I. Grant and his campaigns. By Henry Coppee. (New York, 1866: Charles B. Richardson.) By far the best of the early military biographies.

II. With General Sheridan in Lee's last campaign. By a staff officer [F. C. Newhall]. (Philadelphia, 1866: J. B. Lippincott Company.) The [142] most vivid story of the cavalry battles yet told.

III.* personal history of Ulysses S. Grant. By Albert D. Richardson. (Hartford, Conn., 1868: American Publishing Company.) Full of anecdote and interest. On the whole, better than either its contemporaries or its followers.

IV. Military history of Ulysses S. Grant. By Adam Badeau. (New York, 1868-81: D. Appleton & Co.) A pompous third-rate production, and untrustworthy.

V. The Virginia campaign of ‘64 and ‘65. By Andrew A. Humphreys. (New York, 1883: Charles Scribner's Sons.) The admirable temper and ability of this book place it far above any military narrative thus far written in this country.

VI. * personal Memoirs of U. S Grant. Two volumes. (New York, [143] 1885-86: Charles L. Webster & Co.; Century Company, 1895.) This great book has been already spoken of in the text. With it should be read the Memoirs of Sherman and Sheridan. They make a trilogy that will outlast any criticism.

VII. Grant in peace. By Adam Badeau. (Hartford, Conn., 1887: S. S. Scranton & Co.) Contains much that is trivial, but much that is valuable.

VIII. Historical essays. By Henry Adams. The four last essays. (New York, 1891: Charles Scribner's Sons.) There is no better summary of pertinent political issues.

IX. Mr. Fish and the Alabama claims. By J. C. B. Davis. (Boston and New York, 1893: Houghton, Mifflin & Co.) Another excellent and absorbing summary.

X. the story of the Civil War. By John Codman Ropes. (New York, [144] 1894-98: G. P. Putnam's Sons.) Unfinished. The reader may always trust Mr. Ropes' information, but not always his judgment.

XI. History of the United States from the Compromise of 1850. Volumes III. and IV. By James Ford Rhodes. (New York, 1895-99: Harper Brothers.) Unfinished. This work is steadily taking the features of a classic. No writer of any period of our history combines so many gifts,--interest, weight, thoroughness, serenity.

XII. the history of the last Quarter-Century in the United States (1870-95). Volume I. By Elisha Benjamin Andrews. (New York, 1896: Charles Scribner's Sons.) Entertaining, undigested, readable. A good cartoon of the period.

XIII. * Campaigning with Grant. By General Horace Porter, Ll.D. (New York, 1897: The Century Company.) [145] An engaging and charming book. Grant's personality is nowhere better drawn.

XIV. A Bird's-eye view of our Civil War. By Theodore Ayrault Dodge. (Boston and New York, 1897: Houghton, Mifflin & Co.) As a book of quick reference, a table of contents, so to speak, the reader will find this of great help — as did the writer.

XV. Battles and leaders of the Civil War. Four volumes. (New York, 1897: The Century Company.) This contains almost everything its title indicates, and is of permanent value.

XVI. * the Mississippi valley in the Civil War. By John Fiske. Boston and New York, 1900: Houghton, Mifflin & Co.) This is an essential book to read, and as delightful as it is necessary.

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