resistance to the return of absolutism, which the Versailles Government
was supposed covertly to represent.... No matter what advantage of reason the Commune
may have had over the Versailles Government
, the Commune
committed a civil crime in attempting military enforcement of its political opinions.
Such was the crime which our South committed and which we resisted as one defends one's own life.
No overt military act of ours gave them the advantage of a casus belli
. They differed from us and determined to coerce us forcibly.
In that weltering mass of ruin and corruption which was Paris
, what lessons lie of the utter folly and futility of mutual murder!
What hearts of brothers estranged which time would have harmonized!
What hecatombs of weltering corpses poisoning the earth which industry should make wholesome!
What women demonized by passion, forgetting all their woman's lore and skill, the appointed givers of life speeding death and reaping the bitter fruit themselves!
With this terrible picture before us, let no civilized nation from henceforth and forever admit or recognize the instrumentality of war as worthy of Christian society.
Let the fact of human brotherhood be taught to the babe in his cradle, let it be taught to the despot on his throne.
Let it be the basis and foundation of education and legislation, the bond of high and low, of rich and poor....”
. I am fifty-two years old this day and must regard this year as in some sense the best of my life.
The great joy of the Peace Idea
has unfolded itself to me.... I have got at better methods of working in ”