, with a largely superior force, and his retreat being cut off, he was compelled to make the best terms he could with his enemy.
gave him as liberal terms of surrender as he could expect.
It was stipulated that Colonel Streight
and his officers and men were to be paroled and passed into the Federal
lines at as early a period as practicable.
furnished Colonel Streight
with a copy of the terms of surrender, and him and each of his officers with a copy of his parole, and they were sent to Richmond
to await a flag-of-truce boat to convey them into the Federal
When they arrived at Richmond
, Colonel Streight
and all his commissioned officers were confined in Libby prison, while the enlisted men belonging to his command were forwarded into the Federal
lines; but Colonel Streight
's copy of the terms of surrender, and the duplicate paroles of himself and officers, were taken from them, and they were informed that President Davis
had decided that they should not be conveyed within the Federal
lines, according to the terms of their surrender, but that they would be returned to Alabama
upon a requisition from Governor Shorter
, to be tried by the courts of that State upon a charge of abducting slaves (a few negroes had been found as camp followers of Streight
's army, at the time of his surrender). Here was a violation of the cartel by Jeff Davis
He ignored the action of one of his military commanders, who, in the exercise of his power, had committed himself to a line of conduct that Davis
, as his superior, should have seen was executed in good faith.
and his officers were, accordingly, retained in Libby
to await the pleasure of the President
of the Southern Confederacy to return them to the State of Alabama
, there to be tried for negro stealing.
This was the merest child's play; for, although negroes were found with Streight
's army, President Davis
and Governor Shorter
both knew that it would be impossible to fasten the crime of negro stealing upon Colonel Streight
, or any of his officers.
They knew that Federal army officers were not bound to return runaway slaves; but the whole matter was trumped up for the purpose of punishing a gallant commander and his brave officers for having the courage to raid two hundred miles into the enemy's country.
Here was a direct violation of the cartel.
But he was guilty of other violations of it. In the winter of 1863, he issued an order forbidding the exchange of any officers belonging to the command of General Milroy
, who then occupied Winchester, Virginia
, with a considerable force.
This he did without any just cause, for neither General Milroy
, nor any of his officers, had violated the laws of civilized warfare.