illness which “infected the very life-blood of our enterprise,” like the Earl
's. General Johnston
covers the whole ground in saying of General Pemberton
, “His design and objects and mine are founded on exactly opposite military principles.”
was not in accord with the Richmond
government, and General Pemberton
was not in accord with General Johnston
Those whom God had put asunder, man had.joined together.
Mistaking and mistrusting each other, neither one did as well as he might have done without the other.
thought the objective of the campaign was to save Vicksburg
, or make a fight for it, and in this was supported by the administration.
thought the safety of the army was the first consideration, that the enemy might still be confronted, no matter what position he might gain.
Each accuses the other of slowness, and each, probably, is right.
, brave man, stout fighter, doubtless, and faithful to the South
as any native son-a fidelity never doubted by the intelligent among his men-was deliberate, slow of assuming responsibilities, perhaps not equal to the movement and management of large bodies, and utterly devoid of personal magnetism.
What character General Johnston
has as a soldier, history has already, in part, decided.
In military resources perhaps no captain of the South
excelled him; but at Jackson
he was flustered by a responsibility suddenly assumed, and for which his mind was not schooled; between which and the discharge of duties well grasped in advance, there is the same difference as between “two o'clock in the morning courage,” and the ordinary daring of the soldier who obeys orders and feels the contact of his comrade's elbow.
is said to have felt keenly the injustice done him with respect to the fall of Vicksburg
At one time during the siege, when some exaggerated victory was reported in Richmond
, the press almost smothered him with laurels.
said that Beauregard
had both urged his promotion, and that Johnston
had fairly begged for him to be his chief-of-staff!
But public sentiment told a different tale when failure befel his army.
Assigned to command of the artillery around Richmond
, he was greeted with jeers by the men as he rode down the lines.
Ever since the war General Pemberton
is said to have felt most deeply the odium attaching to him as the man who surrendered Vicksburg
and sundered the South
It is a curious fact that no portrait of him appears among Confederate collections.
I never saw him in person, but I do him the bare justice of recording my own conviction that