interruption until a point eight miles south of Culpepper
There it encountered General Jackson
, who had been dispatched with Ewell
's and Hill
's divisions, and his own under General Taliaferro
, to resist this new combination; and on the 9th of August the battle of Cedar run
was fought, resulting in a decisive repulse to the Federal
van-guard of twenty-eight thousand men under General Banks
About the same time General Lee
detected the transfer of McClellan
's forces from the Lower James
to the Potomac
, and at once set the remainder of his army in motion for the Rappahannock-hoping to overwhelm Pope
while the bulk of his reinforcements were yet en route
. Leaving McLaws
, D. H. Hill
, and Walker
in front of Richmond
, General Lee
with the divisions of Longstreet
, and R. H. Anderson
on the 19th of August, and on the same day Pope
, in the meantime strengthened by Reno
's corps, of Burnside
's army, commenced a full retreat for the north branch of the Rappahannock
, and Ewell
were at once started in eager pursuit, striking for the upper fords of the Rappahannock
, in order to pass upon the flank of the enemy, and having for an objective point Manassas Junction
, in the meantime, occupied Pope
's attention at the fords along the river, delaying him with threatening demonstrations to gain time for Jackson
's establishment well in his rear.
The march of the latter, for the first four days, was a continual skirmish.
At Warrenton Springs, the enemy were found in force, and it was found necessary to amuse him there while a still larger detour to the left should be made.
On the 25th, Longstreet
occupied the ford at that point, and Jackson
, now free from embarrassment, moved swiftly northward, crossed the Bull Run mountains
at Thoroughfare gap, and, on the night of the 26th, effected the capture of Manassas Junction
, with Trimble
's Brigade of Stuart
He was now, with three divisions, directly across the path of Pope
, and was destined through the two following days to sustain, unaided, the onsets of a vast army.
First, on the 27th, the attack fell upon Ewell
, who had been left at Bristow Station.
Finding from the constant pouring in of fresh troops that the whole Federal army was upon him, that officer skilfully withdrew to Manassas
That night Jackson
formed his little army across Pope
's line of advance, his left on Bull run
, his right resting on Thoroughfare gap, through which Longstreet
's march was anxiously expected.
This position was full of peril, and the masses of the enemy were now hastening up to increase its imminence.
's corps were now arriving upon the ground, and unless Longstreet
should soon appear, the