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[470] country to the west, upon which no events of consequence occurred, has been included.1

Even among cavalry officers a want of appreciation has been shown. General Pleasonton, who, though nominally commanding the Cavalry Corps at the time, was not with any of his divisions, but, according to his own account, near General Meade in the rear of the infantry line of battle, instructing his distinguished chief “how, in half an hour, to show himself a great general,” has recently written an article giving an outline of the valuable services of the cavalry of the Army of the Potomac preceding the battle of Gettysburg. He omits entirely to mention the important part it took in the battle itself. Though concluding in a general way with a glowing tribute to its services, it is difficult to ascertain from what he writes whether any portion of the corps of which he was the commander was actually engaged.

And finally, General Custer, who was temporarily serving under General Gregg with his brigade, forwarded independently an official report of the movements of his command, which, in some of its statements, is not entirely ingenuous. In the account referred to, he has taken to himself and his Michigan Brigade alone, the credit which, to say the least, others were entitled to share.

1 Since this article was first published, the following letter has been received which, in justice to Mr. Bachelder, is now given in full:

office of the Chief of engineers, Washington, D. C., December 10th, 1878.
Colonel William Brooke-Rawle,
Sir-Your letter of 13th ultimo, transmitting an account of the operations of the cavalry command of General David McM. Gregg during the battle of Gettysburg, was referred to Mr. John B. Bachelder, who was employed by the War Department to plot the positions of the troops on the maps of Gettysburg battlefield, and has been returned endorsed as follows:

In answer to the letter of Mr. William Brooke-Rawle, I have the honor to say that it is to be regretted that from the removed position of the field of operations of Gregg's Cavalry, it was found impracticable to embrace it in the general survey of the field without reducing the scale to an extent which would have defeated the object of the map, and this is the more to be regretted, as this affair was one of the most brilliant features of the battle, and, it is not improbable, saved the army from disaster. It was spoken of at the time, and I have always understood that a separate survey of Gregg's field would be made whenever an appropriation was granted for that purpose, which I heartily recommend.

I am, sir, yours with respect,

Very respectfully your obedient servant,

A. A. Humphreys, Brigadier General, Chief of Engineers.

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