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τῶν ἀλιτηρίων ‘avenging spirits’. The gods under whose protection the murdered person stood, and to whom his spirit turns for vengeance — οἱ τῶν ἀποθανόντων προστρόπαιοι (§ 4) — become ἀλιτήριοι, punishers of sin, in relation to the murderer. The commoner sense of ἀλιτήριος is ‘sinful’, with a genit. of the god offended or the place polluted (e.g. θεῶν, Ἑλλάδος): for the double meaning, cp. ἀλάστωρ, μιάστωρ, προστρόπαιος, ἀφίκτωρ, προσίκτωρ. οὐ προσῆκον ‘gratuitous’: strictly ‘alien’, — not arising from their own sin. From another point of view, ‘selfinflicted’ woes are οἰκεῖα πάθη, Soph. Ai. 260.
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