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Chapter 22:

  • Military situation in the Early months of 1863.
  • -- Early resumption of the campaign in Virginia. -- the new Federal favourite, “fighting Joe Hooker.” -- the battle of Chancellorsville. -- Hooker's plan of operations. -- his flaming address to his troops. -- critical situation of Gen. Lee. -- surrounded by an enemy more than threefold his numbers. -- Calmness and self-possession of Lee. -- his deliberate dispositions for attack. -- the flank-march of Stonewall Jackson. -- how he emerged from “the Wilderness.” -- fall of Stonewall Jackson. -- the impetus of the Confederate attack ceases. -- how Gen. Lee received the news of Jackson's fall. -- the battle in front of Chancellorsville. -- Hooker's army crippled and driven. -- Sedgwick's advance from Fredericksburg. -- it arrests Lee's pursuit of Hooker. -- the fight near Salem Church. -- Sedgwick's force routed. -- Hooker retreats across the river. -- his terrible losses. -- Chancellorsville, the masterpiece of Lee's military life. -- Reflections on the victory. -- startling official developments as to the numbers of Confederate armies. -- particulars of the death of Jackson. -- exact report of his last words. -- character of Stonewall Jackson. -- his great ambition. -- Early misconceptions of the man. -- how he was ridiculed. -- his difference with President Davis. -- his resignation sent in, but recalled. -- Jackson's military career. -- his genius. -- his piety. -- his epicene nature. -- personal appearance of the hero. -- what Virginia owes to his memory

The military situation in the spring months of 1863 may be described by a few general lines drawn through the country, and bounding the main theatres of the war. In Virginia either army was in view of the other from the heights overlooking the town of Fredericksburg, whilst the country between the Rappahannock and the Potomac was at various times visited by detachments of Stuart's daring cavalry. The army of Tennessee was tied to no special line of operations; it was embarrassed by no important point, such as Richmond requiring to be defended; it had thus greatly the advantage over the army of Virginia; and yet we have seen, and shall continue to see, that it was far inferiour in activity and enterprise to the latter, and that, while Gen. Lee was overthrowing every army that came against him, Bragg was idle, or constantly yielding up territory to a conquering foe. From March till June, in 1863, Gen. Bragg's forces remained idly stretching from Shelbyville to the right, while the Federals,

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Robert E. Lee (6)
Joe Hooker (5)
Stonewall Jackson (4)
Sedgwick (2)
Braxton S. Bragg (2)
J. E. B. Stuart (1)
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