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The proclaimed purpose of the war of the Black Republican party upon the Constitution, and of the organization which they proposed of the Union, was the abolition of slavery, and the securing of equal rights before the law to the African race. It is difficult to conceive how a party should meditate and plan a revolution of the Government and a radical revisal of the Constitution for such a purpose, without desiring to elevate the negro to a platform of social as well as political equality with the white man. Nor is proof wanting of the truth of Mr. Clay's grave imputation in this regard. The organs of the party have not been very reticent or secretive on this subject. From a vast multitude of similar utterances we quote a few. The New York Tribune often iterates the assertion that “if a white man pleases to marry a black woman, the mere fact that she is black gives no one a right to prevent or set aside such a marriage.” The New York Independent is fond of a theory, that the German, Irish, negro, and other races have come to America, not for the purpose, each, of propagating its distinct species, “but each to join itself to each, till all together shall be built up into the monumental nation of the earth;” “the negro of the South growing paler with every generation, till at last he completely hides his face under the snow.” Enamoured with the character of Toussaint L'Ouverture, it says to those who cherish the prejudice of colour and caste, that “they must cease to call unclean those whom God has cleansed, that they must acknowledge genius whatever be the colour of the skin that enwraps it; and that they must prepare themselves to welcome to the leadership of our armies and our senate, as Southern substitutes for Jeff Davis and his drunken Comus-like crew, that have so long bewitched and despoiled us, black Toussaints, who, by their superiour talents and principles, shall receive the grateful homage of an appreciative and admiring nation.” Gen. Banks said, when in the House of Representatives, that “in regard to whether the white or black race was superiour, he proposed to wait till time should develop whether the white race should absorb the black, or the black the white.” Wendell Phillips, the ablest and the boldest of them all, said, in 1863: “Remember this, the youngest of you, that on the 4th day of July, 1863, you heard a man say, that in the light of all history, in virtue of every page he ever read, lie was an amalgamationist to the utmost extent. I have no hope for the future, as this country has no past, but in that sublime mingling of races, which is God's own method of civilizing and elevating the world. God, by the events of His providence, is crushing out the hatred of race that has crippled this country until to-day.” Theodore Tilton also said, that, “the history of the world's civilization is written in one word — which many are afraid to speak, and many more afraid to hear-and that is, amalgamation.”

These citations are abundant to show the animus and purposes of the

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