great quantity of stores were captured in and near Winchester
, and seven hundred men surrendered to Gen. Rodes
With this auspicious opening of the campaign, Ewell
promptly moved up to the Potomac
, where he occupied all the fords.
's corps had been directed to march on Culpepper
, his right flank guarded by detachments of Stuart
's cavalry, which watched the fords of the Rappahannock
, while A. P. Hill
's corps remained near Fredericksburg
, to deceive the enemy by an appearance of strength.
These movements were not entirely unobserved by Gen. Hooker
I-e had reason to suppose that some of the Confederate forces had been withdrawn from his front; and accordingly, on the 5th of June, a strong reconnoissance was sent across the river on Lee
But the skilful Confederate commander, who was now performing a great master-piece of strategy, succeeded in masking his real strength, and leading Hooker
to suppose that his entire army was still in the neighbourhood of Fredericksburg
On the 7th June another reconnoissance was directed, and an expedition of cavalry, which had crossed the Rappahannock
at Beverly's and Kelly's Fords
, attacked Gen. Stuart
at Brandy Station
This force of the enemy was routed by Stuart
, and forced to recross the river, after having lost four hundred prisoners and three pieces of artillery.
Although this later reconnoissance developed to a certain extent the direction of Gen. Lee
's march, Hooker
was too dull to comprehend its importance, and, never dreaming of any movement into the Northern
territory beyond perhaps a raid for commissary purposes, contented himself with making a disposition of his forces to cover Washington
, and taking up a strong position between Manassas
, so as to interpose his army between the Confederate forces and what he supposed to be the object of their campaign.
marched rapidly forward in pursuance of his plans.
He had played with the enemy so as to mislead him entirely.
to the passes of the Blue Ridge
, but was so uncertain whether he meant to give battle there, or move up the Valley
, that time was lost, and instead of bringing the point to an issue at once in Virginia
, the Federal
commander had to hastily cross the Potomac
, and take position in Maryland
crossed the Potomac
in the vicinity of Shepherdstown
, on the 24th of June.
The corps of Ewell
had preceded him two days before, and on the 23d had occupied Chambersburg
On the 27th of June the whole of Lee
's army was at Chambersburg
An advance on Harrisburg
had been contemplated; but the design was abandoned on the 29th, in consequence of the information that the Federal
army was moving northwards, and so menacing the communication of the Confederate army with the Potomac
To check the enemy's advance, therefore, Gens. Longstreet
, and Ewell
were ordered to proceed to Gettysburg
Thus within twenty days the great Confederate commander had brought his entire army from Fredericksburg