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1 In Greece the Lacedaemonians, foreseeing how great their war with the Persians would be, put one of the two kings, Agesilaus, in command. After he had levied six thousand soldiers and constituted a council of thirty of his foremost fellow citizens,2 he transported the armament from Aulis3 to Ephesus. [2] Here he enlisted four thousand soldiers and took the field with his army, which numbered ten thousand infantry and four hundred cavalry. They were also accompanied by a throng of no less number which provided a market and was intent upon plunder. [3] He traversed the Plain of Cayster and laid waste the territory held by the Persians until he arrived at Cyme. From this as his base he spent the larger part of the summer ravaging Phrygia and neighbouring territory; and after sating his army with pillage he returned toward the beginning of autumn to Ephesus. [4]

While these events were taking place, the Lacedaemonians dispatched ambassadors to Nephereus,4 the king of Egypt, to conclude an alliance; he, in place of the aid requested, made the Spartans a gift of equipment for one hundred triremes and five hundred thousand measures of grain. Pharax, the Lacedaemonian admiral, sailing from Rhodes with one hundred and twenty ships, put in at Sasanda in Caria, a fortress one hundred and fifty stades from Caunus. [5] From this as his base he laid siege to Caunus and blockaded Conon, who was commander of the King's fleet and lay at Caunus with forty ships. But when Artaphernes and Pharnabazus came with strong forces to the aid of the Caunians, Pharax lifted the siege and sailed off to Rhodes with the entire fleet. [6] After this Conon gathered eighty triremes and sailed to the Chersonesus, and the Rhodians, having expelled the Peloponnesian fleet, revolted from the Lacedaemonians5and received Conon, together with his entire fleet, into their city. [7] Now the Lacedaemonians, who were bringing the gift of grain from Egypt, being unaware of the defection of the Rhodians, approached the island in full confidence; but the Rhodians and Conon, the Persian admiral, brought the ships into the harbours and stored the city with grain. [8] There also came to Conon ninety triremes, ten of them from Cilicia and eighty from Phoenicia, under the command of the lord of the Sidonians.

1 The narrative is resumed from chapter 39.

2 Obviously a staff of administrators for him to use in important posts in the conduct of the war, as is clear, e.g., from Xen. Hell. 3.4.20.

3 Agesilaus fancies himself a second Agamemnon, leading the Greeks in a new Trojan War, and would repeat Agamemnon's farewell sacrifices at Aulis. See Plut. Agesilaus 6.4-6; Xen. Hell. 3.4.3; Xen. Hell. 5.5.

4 Manetho calls him Nepherites.

5 Paus. 6.7.6 states that they were persuaded to do so by Conon.

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  • Cross-references to this page (6):
  • Cross-references in notes from this page (4):
    • Pausanias, Description of Greece, 6.7.6
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 3.4.20
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 3.4.3
    • Plutarch, Agesilaus, 6.4
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