In Greece the Lacedaemonians, foreseeing how great their war with the
Persians would be, put one of the two kings, Agesilaus, in command. After he had levied six
thousand soldiers and constituted a council of thirty of his foremost fellow citizens,2
he transported the armament from
Here he enlisted four thousand soldiers and took the field
with his army, which numbered ten thousand infantry and four hundred cavalry. They were also
accompanied by a throng of no less number which provided a market and was intent upon plunder.
He traversed the Plain of Cayster and laid waste the
territory held by the Persians until he arrived at Cyme. From this as his base he spent the
larger part of the summer ravaging Phrygia and neighbouring territory; and after sating his
army with pillage he returned toward the beginning of autumn to Ephesus.
While these events were taking place, the
Lacedaemonians dispatched ambassadors to Nephereus,4
the king of Egypt, to conclude an alliance; he, in place
of the aid requested, made the Spartans a gift of equipment for one hundred triremes and five
hundred thousand measures of grain. Pharax, the Lacedaemonian admiral, sailing from Rhodes with
one hundred and twenty ships, put in at Sasanda in Caria, a fortress one hundred and fifty
stades from Caunus.
From this as his base he laid siege to
Caunus and blockaded Conon, who was commander of the King's fleet and lay at Caunus with forty
ships. But when Artaphernes and Pharnabazus came with strong forces to the aid of the Caunians,
Pharax lifted the siege and sailed off to Rhodes with the entire fleet.
After this Conon gathered eighty triremes and sailed to the Chersonesus,
and the Rhodians, having expelled the Peloponnesian fleet, revolted from the
and received Conon, together with his
entire fleet, into their city.
Now the Lacedaemonians, who
were bringing the gift of grain from Egypt, being unaware of the defection of the Rhodians,
approached the island in full confidence; but the Rhodians and Conon, the Persian admiral,
brought the ships into the harbours and stored the city with grain.
There also came to Conon ninety triremes, ten of them from Cilicia and eighty from
Phoenicia, under the command of the lord of the Sidonians.