and devastation, and caused a divided people, from whose necks the yoke of military tyranny was not lifted for years after the war. It was the first slave State in which the slaves were formally emancipated, an act performed by Fremont
, in advance of Lincoln
announced that he should take military occupation of the State
and ‘place it in the exact condition of Maryland
Recognizing the impossibility of preserving ‘neutrality,’ Governor Jackson
issued his proclamation, June 12th, calling for troops to resist invasion and defend the sovereignty of his State.
A small body of recruits collected under his call near Booneville
, under command of Col. John S. Marmaduke
On June 16, 1861, General Lyon
ascended the Missouri river
to attack this force of about 800 men, having with him troops commanded by Colonels Schaeffer
, Captain Steele
and Major Osterhaus
, detachments of other regiments, and Totten
's artillery, a force greatly superior to Governor Jackson
's little army.
deemed this force of Lyon
too strong to be resisted.
was dangerously ill and had been taken away on a steamboat.
, however, refused to leave the ground without a brush with the enemy.
Under command of Colonel Brand
, they engaged their foes, killing over 100, with a loss to themselves of 3 killed and 30 wounded. Lyon
was astonished, and, it seems, admonished, by the stubborn resistance shown him in the face of such odds by this citizen soldiery, who finally retreated in safety, and were joined by other recruits.
A part of this gathering of citizens of Missouri
went with Governor Jackson
, accompanied by the heads of the State department, and by Gens. J. B. Clark
and Monroe M. Parsons
When they arrived at a place called Cole Camp
, they found there a body of home guards, whom Lyon
had ordered to intercept the march of Jackson
They were mostly Germans.