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[103] of neighbor against neighbor; and that while he commanded, there was established a unity of sentiment that was immediately felt, and has exerted an influence upon the State's destinies that will not soon, if ever, be destroyed.

A congressional inquiry into the operations under Hindman was ordered; but it appeared that his course was in accordance with the law the Congress had enacted. If it were felt that the voluntary service and sacrifices of the people were no longer expected, Hindman merely supplied machinery suited to the law. If it be said the means were unworthy of the end, the reply is, that whatever the end desired by the Federal authorities, they adopted the same means and succeeded.

The order by which Hindman was assigned to duty in Arkansas by General Beauregard, dated at Corinth, May 26, 1862, gave him ‘command of the forces in that State and the Indian country.’ He was charged with their defense, ‘and fully authorized and empowered to organize their troops under the act of April 16, 1862, entitled, an act to further provide for the public defense.’ General Beauregard further said, ‘The general commanding parts with this gallant officer, whose actions in the field have been so valuably rendered, with sincere regret. He does so at the urgent request of his own people, who so greatly need and justly value his services at this juncture.’ A second order designated his command as the TransMis-sissippi district, comprising the States of Missouri and Arkansas, Louisiana north of Red river, and the Indian Territory.

General Hindman acted promptly. On his way, at Memphis, he managed to obtain, as that city was evacuated, 35 Enfield rifles, 400 damaged shotguns and squirrel rifles, with a few hundred rounds of shot and shell for artillery. He also ‘impressed’ a quantity of percussion caps, some blankets, boots and shoes and camp equipage, and purchased a small quantity of medicines for his prospective

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