battery, overlooking the valley in which Price
lay. General Rains
had a large number of mounted men on the east of Wilson
's creek, north of the road, and nearest to Springfield
Down the creek from Rains
the distance was three miles. As has been stated, the Confederate forces were in bivouac awaiting their postponed order to march on Springfield
At daylight no pickets were out, or those put out had been drawn in, expecting to march.
The Confederates were taken by surprise, few having arisen, when Totten
's battery opened upon them from the north, and Sigel
's from the south, at dawn Sunday morning, August 10th.
The entire Southern army lay between Lyon
had surrounded the camp in the night and stationed four pieces of artillery overlooking Churchill
's camp from the east side of the creek.
Leaving a small infantry force to support the battery, he then crossed Wilson
's creek, below Tyrrell
's creek, with the rest of his men formed facing north, on the west of the creek.
' Missourians at the north end of the camp were quickly dispersed by Lyon
's column, leaving an open sweep between him and Woodruff
's battery on the hill farther down the creek.
's and Greer
's men went scrambling into the woods to their horses at the creek.
was soon mounted, but without a saddle, and rapidly rallied his men. McCulloch
at the north end were soon in their saddles.
having crossed the creek above the hill, moving down the valley, came in range of ‘Bloody hill
had galloped up the hill to take command of Cawthorn
's men, who were holding their ground as well as they could, when Slack
came up with Hughes
' regiment and Thornton
's battalion, and formed on the left of Cawthorn
's Arkansas battery on the east of Wilson
's creek opened upon Sigel
's line, which was forming west of the creek, in the Confederate
's support, in front, other commands came