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While these things were going on, some partisans of the Lacedaemonians in Corcyra revolted against the democracy and called upon the Spartans to dispatch a fleet, promising to betray Corcyra to them. The Lacedaemonians, aware of the great importance that Corcyra had for the aspirants to sea power, made haste to possess themselves of this city.1 [2] So they immediately dispatched to Corcyra twenty-two triremes, having given the command to Alcidas. They pretended that this expedition was sent to Sicily, in order to be received as friends by the Corcyraeans and then with the assistance of the exiles to occupy the city. [3] But the Corcyraeans, discovering the design of the Spartans, kept careful guard over the city and sent envoys to Athens to get help. The Athenians voted help for the Corcyraeans and the Zacynthian exiles, sent to Zacynthos Ctesicles as general in command of the exiles, and prepared to dispatch a naval force to Corcyra. [4]

While these things were going on, the Plataeans in Boeotia, clinging to the alliance with the Athenians, sent to them for soldiers, having decided to hand their city over to the Athenians. At this the Boeotarchs2 became incensed with the Plataeans, and, being eager to forestall the allied force from Athens, immediately brought a considerable army against the Plataeans.3 [5] They reached the neighbourhood of Plataeae when the attack was not expected, so that a large number of the Plataeans were arrested in the fields and carried off by the cavalry, while the rest, who had escaped to the city, being helpless without any allies, were forced to make a covenant agreeable to their enemies; they were obliged, namely, to depart from the city with their movable possessions and never again to set foot on Boeotian soil. [6] Thereupon the Thebans, having razed Plataeae completely, pillaged Thespiae4 as well, which was at odds with them. The Plataeans with their wives and children, having fled to Athens, received equality of civic rights5 as a mark of favour from the Athenian people.

Such was the state of affairs in Boeotia.

1 As to the Lacedaemonian aggression see Cary, Cambridge Ancient History, 6.77 and Xen. Hell. 6.2.4. Note the intervention of Dionysius in chap. 47.7.

2 Annual officials, eleven in number, of the Boeotian League. For reduction to seven see note on p. 91.

3 See also Xen. Hell. 6.3.1, 5; Isoc. 14; Paus 9.1.8, sets the fall of Plataeae in 373/2 when Asteius was archon.

4 See chap. 51.3 and Xen. Hell. 6.3.1. Paus. 9.14 seems to place the destruction of Thespiae after the battle of Leuctra.

5 A privilege rarely accorded by the Athenians in these days. The democrats of Samos had been accorded this privilege near the close of the Peloponnesian War. The Plataeans had been granted citizenship in the same war and Meyer (Geschichte des Altertums, 5.399) contends that this still held. This grant of ἰσοπολιτεία seems not to have been of the Hellenistic type (W. S. Ferguson, Greek Imperialism, 31), by which the citizen of one state enjoyed certain privileges (cp. civitas sine suffragio) in another state during residence there.

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