While these things were going on, throughout the
Peloponnese also disturbances and disorders had occurred for the following reasons. The
Lacedaemonians, being at variance with the Megalopolitans, overran their country with
Archidamus in command, and the Megalopolitans,1
incensed over their actions but not strong enough to
fight by themselves, summoned aid from their allies.
Argives, Sicyonians, and Messenians in full force and with all speed came to their assistance;
and the Thebans dispatched four thousand foot and five hundred horse with Cephision placed in
charge as general.
The Megalopolitans accordingly, having
taken the field with their allies, encamped near the headwaters of the Alpheius River, while
the Lacedaemonians were reinforced by three thousand foot-soldiers from the Phocians and one
hundred fifty cavalry from Lycophron and Peitholaus, the exiled tyrants of Pherae, and, having
mustered an army capable of doing battle, encamped by Mantineia.
Then having advanced to the Argive city of Orneae,2
they captured it before the arrival of the enemy, for it was an ally
of the Megalopolitans. When the Argives took the field against them, they joined battle and
defeated them and slew more than two hundred.
Then the Thebans
appeared, and since they were in number twice as many though inferior in discipline, a stubborn
battle was engaged; and as the victory hung in doubt, the Argives and their allies withdrew to
their own cities, while the Lacedaemonians, after invading Arcadia and taking the city
by storm and
plundering it, returned to Sparta.
Some time after this the
Thebans with their allies conquered the enemy near Telphusa4
and after slaying many took captive Anaxander, who
was in command, along with more than sixty others. A short time later they had the advantage in
two other battles and felled a considerable number of their opponents.
Finally, when the Lacedaemonians proved victorious in an important
battle, the armies on both sides withdrew to their own cities. Then when the Lacedaemonians
made an armistice with the Megalopolitans the Thebans went back to Boeotia.
But Phalaecus, who was lingering in Boeotia, seized Chaeroneia and when
the Thebans came to its rescue, was expelled from that city. Then the Boeotians, who now with a
large army invaded Phocis, sacked the greater portion of it and plundered the farms throughout
the countryside; and having taken also some of the small towns and gathered an abundance of
booty, they returned to Boeotia.