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The Dativus Commodi too is as common in Plautus' time as later, and provides a quibble in Capt. 866A. esurire mihi videre. B. mi quidem esurio, non tibi”. Our Grammars describe as a ‘Dative of Reference1’ that similar use of this Case in lines like Trin. 971neque edepol tu is es neque bodie is umquam eris, auro huic quidem” ‘so far as this gold is concerned.’ It comes very near the function of the Ablative (with ab) after a Passive Verb in one or two places, e.g. Epid. 154ubi tibi istam emptam esse scibit” (cf. the old legal formula emptus mihi esto pretio, and see G. Landgraf: Beitraege zur historischen Syntax der lat Sprache. Munich (progr.), 1899).

This Dative is associated with Adjectives, e.g.

Sometimes the Dative exercises the function of a Genitive, e.g. With esse the Dative is always used with cognatus, patronus, etc., but without esse, the Genitive We find both pater est alicuius (e.g. Capt. 4, 974) and pater est alicui (e.g. Capt. 633, 1011), etc. (For details see Landgraf in Archiv lat. Lexikographie, 8, 66.)

1 Akin is the ‘Dative of the Person Judging,’ e.g. Ennius Ann. 280 V. “hostem qui feriet, mihi erit Carthaginiensis”.

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