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[297] built, while here, a trestle bridge over the river, which was completed on the sixteenth of July.

July 18.--Moved from Powers' Ferry, with corps, to near Buckhead, south seven miles.

July 19.--Advanced across Peach-tree creek, Seventy-fifth Illinois in advance; skirmished and drove the enemy from destroyed bridge, and rebuilt the same.

July 20.--Moved with division, Second brigade in front; crossed South Peach-tree creek; came upon the fortified position of the enemy, went into line on the right of the Second brigade, attacked the rifle-pits of the rebels, and carried the same, taking forty-three prisoners.

July 21.--Advanced my lines and fortified; skirmished all day. At night the enemy retired.

July 22.--Pursued the enemy at three o'clock A. M.; came up to him in his fortifications at sunrise, in front of Atlanta, Georgia, on the north, two miles from the centre of the city. Took position; the balance of the division came up on the left, Wood's division on the right. Here we intrenched; skirmished with the enemy daily; took up his picket lines twice, capturing most of them, until the twenty-seventh of July. Major-General Stanley being assigned to command the corps, I came in and assumed command of the division.

August 5.--Relieved from command of division, and assigned as Brigadier to the command of the brigade again. On this day, by orders from corps headquarters, the brigade attempted an assault on the enemy's works, and lost thirty-six men, among whom were the brave Captain Walker, of the Seventy-seventh Pennsylvania, and the gallant young officer, Lieutenant Willard, of the Thirty-sixth Indiana.

August 22.--Marched at three o'clock, with six regiments, two miles to the left; struck the enemy's out picket line, drove them, captured eight prisoners, made demonstration, and returned, with small loss. On the fifteenth of August, the Eighty-fourth Indiana, Lieutenant-Colonel Neff, was transposed into my brigade, and the Fifty-ninth Illinois into the Second brigade. With frequent skirmishing and changes of lines and positions of regiments, this brigade substantially remained at the same position in the siege of Atlanta, from the morning of the twenty-second of July until the night of the twenty-fifth of August, when we received orders and marched to the right, seven miles, to Procter's creek, and rested until daylight on the morning of August twenty-sixth, when, starting at eight o'clock A. M., we moved with the corps seven miles south, across Utoy creek, and camped for the night.

August 27.--Marched, with corps, four miles south, to Camp creek, and camped.

August 28.--Marched south-east three miles, to Red Oak station on West Point railroad, striking this road twelve miles south-west from Atlanta.

August 29.--Lay still and fortified.

August 30.--Marched to Shoal creek, five miles.

August 31.--The Army of the Tennessee fighting to day in front and on west of Jonesboroa, Georgia; our corps advanced east; met cavalry behind works on east bank of Flint river. My brigade was formed, Ninth Indiana, Eighty-fourth Illinois, and Eighty-fourth Indiana in front line, and with a strong skirmish line drove the enemy from their position, and advanced, Wood's division in front, Twenty-third corps on our left, and both corps struck the Macon railroad about four o'clock P. M., and fortified the position, my command in line on the right of the division, the Second division, General Newton, extending my right; our corps fronting south. All quiet during the night.

September 1.--Our division marched at six o'clock A. M., First brigade in advance, moving on the railroad toward Jonesboroa, and under orders spent most of the day in destruction of railroad as we advanced. At about four o'clock P. M., the advance brigade of our division made a junction with the left of the Fourteenth corps on the railroad, at a point about two miles north of Jonesboroa. The First brigade formed in line, its right near or upon the railroad. I was ordered by General Kimball to prolong the left of the First brigade, which I did without halting, until my advance was checked by getting into a thick bramble of underbrush and a swamp in a dense woodland, through which it was impossible to ride, and the enemy with a heavy skirmish line in our front, and his artillery in reach playing upon us, contributed to impede our progress. The course or direction when I entered the woods seemed to be about south, and, upon emerging from it, at a distance of a half to three fourths of a mile, the brigade to my right had shifted to the right to such an extent, that I had to move right oblique to fill the space, and my left swinging around so that when my lines came upon the lines of the enemy behind barricades, my front was about south-west. And by the time we got the lines straightened up and the enemy's skirmishers driven back, and the position of the enemy discovered,night came on. Yet my lines, Seventy-seventh Pennsylvania, Eighty-fourth and Eightieth Illinois, and Ninth Indiana, in front line, pressed forward under a heavy canister fire from the enemy's guns to within three hundred yards of their barricaded lines. When the fighting ceased at dark, one of General Newton's brigades had moved up toward my left, and his skirmish line connected with the left of my front battle-line. The barricade of the enemy ceased opposite the left of my lines. During the night the enemy withdrew.

September 2.--At early day I advanced my brigade into the enemy's vacated works, issued rations, and marched in pursuit of the enemy on the road toward Lovejoy, my brigade in advance of our division, the Second and Third divisions of our corps in advance of me. At about one or two o'clock P. M., our advance came up to the enemy, and in the deploying of the column, I

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Thomas J. Wood (2)
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