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Captain L. M. Kellogg's report.

headquarters First brigade, First separate division, Army corps, Lookout Mountain Tenn., March 3, 1865.
General: I have the honor to forward report of detachment Eighteenth United States infantry, while under command of Captain Lyman M. Kellogg, Eighteenth infantry, from June fourteenth, 1864, to September first, 1864, and respectfully request that it be placed with the other reports of the regiment, and of the Second brigade, First division, Fourteenth Army Corps.

Very respectfully,

Your obedient servant,

John H. King, Brigadier-General. Brigadier-General W. D. Whipple, A. A. G. and Chief of Staff, Department of the Cumberland.

camp Eighteenth United States infantry, Lookout Mountain, Tennessee, February 25, 1865.
Brigadier-General W. D. Whipple, Assistant Adjutant-General, Department Cumberland:
I respectfully submit the following report of the operations of the detachment of the Eighteenth United States infantry, embracing sixteen companies of the First, Second and Third battalions, while under my command during the Atlanta campaign, from the fourteenth of June to the first of September, 1864, inclusive, and respectfully request that it be included in the reports of the detachments already received from Captains G. W. Smith and R. B. Hull. This report would have been rendered sooner, but for the fact that I was severely wounded at the battle of Jonesboroa, Georgia, on the first of September, 1864.


In front of Kenesaw Mountain the detachment lost, after I assumed command in the month of June, wounded, eight enlisted men.

July 4.--The detachment supported two batteries under a destructively severe artillery fire from the enemy. Also charged rebel line of skirmishers and drove them, thus causing or materially aiding in causing the whole rebel line to evacuate its position during the ensuing night.

July 20.--The detachment in the battle of Peach-tree creek was under musketry fire; also subjected to severe shelling.

July 22.--Intrenched within one and a half miles of Atlanta, Georgia.

Loss during July, 1864:

Commissioned officers, wounded3
Enlisted men, wounded21
Enlisted men, killed1
Enlisted men, missing1

August 3.--The detachment deployed as skirmishers and drove the enemy s cavalry vedettes and pickets.

August 7.--The detachment assaulted the enemy's line of rifle-pits; the detachment of the Fifteenth United States infantry and Eleventh Michigan volunteer infantry supported detachment Eighteenth United States infantry, and very soon connected with it on its right, the whole being under my command, as senior officer on the field. Engaged with the enemy. After the first assault I took advantage of a ravine beyond the open field, over which we had driven the enemy, to reform the line, which had become partially disorganized, owing to the difficulties of the ground and the very severe flank and front fire, both artillery and musketry, which had been playing on us while driving the enemy across the open .field. After I had reformed, I again moved forward with the Eighteenth and Fifteenth regulars, driving the enemy into their main works, and arriving with my line, composed of the regular regiments above mentioned, at the abatis close to the enemy's main works. The Eleventh Michigan during the second assault remained in position, protecting my right.

Had I been supported, and the enemy attacked by the division on my right, and by the brigade on my left, as I had been told would be the case, I am of opinion that the main line of works around Atlanta would have fallen on the seventh of August.

The forces under my command had been engaged from one o'clock P. M. until nearly dusk; nearly one third of my men had been put hors de combat, and I was almost entirely out of ammunition, not having had time to send to the rear for it, so that had I finally succeeded in entering the enemy's works, I should only have succeeded in turning my remaining small force over to the enemy as prisoners. We, however, successfully advanced our main line about half a mile, intrenching and holding it, taking three lines of rebel rifle-pits, and capturing a large number of prisoners, three hundred of them being credited to my command; a large number of prisoners were sent to the rear without a guard, not having men to spare, by my orders, and were taken up, I have been told, by General Carlin's brigade, which was undoubtedly credited with the number thus taken up. General Carlin's brigade, however, was not actually engaged, and did not, I am sure, capture a single prisoner. This assault was most successful and brilliant, and due credit should be given to whom it was mainly owing, viz.: the Eighteenth and Fifteenth regulars.

Loss during August, 1864:

Commissioned officers wounded2
Enlisted men wounded31
Enlisted men killed7
Enlisted men missing4

September 1.--The detachment as a portion of the regular brigade, was most actively engaged with the enemy at the battle of

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William D. Whipple (2)
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