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Doc. 37. the address of the Genevan's: to the people of the American Union:

The people of Geneva, in meeting at the Electoral Hall, address to the people of the Union brotherly greeting and testimonials of their lively sympathy.

The events which are happening in the bosom of the Great Republic of the Union have not found the people of Geneva indifferent. It is with painful sentiments that they have witnessed the violation of the Federal compact by some States. It is with grief they have seen States forget that federative unity is proclaimed by the Constitution; that such unity was recommended and maintained by the first Presidents of the Union--the immortal Washington, twice elected President, 1789, 1793, 1797; Thomas Jefferson, twice elected President, 1801, 1809, &c.

The people of Geneva offer the most hearty prayers that, inspired by patriotic thoughts, the States still in revolt may range themselves ever under the Star Spangled Banner of the Union. The people of Geneva, with all their wishes, forward this movement, because thenceforth liberty will be triumphant without distinction of race, at the North as at the South.

The citizens of Geneva recognize that strict solidarity exists between free people; that one of them cannot suffer without the other experiencing a sad counter blow. Convinced of this truth, in the presence of the civil war which facilitates the projeets of the enemies of the American Republic, they believe it to be their duty to give expression to a fraternal word of encouragement to republicans on the other side of the ocean.

People of the United States, the only Republic of Europe, Helvetia, has had also her moments of intestine strife and attempts at separation. She has come forth triumphantly from these trials. She has come forth stronger, more united than before. Those of our cantons which formerly wished to separate, would now rise with out distinction to uphold the Federal compact. It will be the same with the American Union The Southern States will comprehend that the safeguard of their independence and of their prosperity is to be found in the Constitution — in liberty.

People of the Union! Soldiers of the entirety of the country! Courage and consistency You have our sympathies, because in defending the Union, you also defend liberty. You abolish an odious and crying shame of a part of the United States--Slavery.

The violation of the Federal Constitution by some States of the Union has caused to the people of Geneva a sentiment the more painful because nothing justified that violation. No wrong can be alleged by the Secessionists either against the Federal Government or against other authorities. The determination to destroy the Federal compact of Union is explicable only by the wish to maintain slavery by the determination to make that essential to the form of government.

This scheme, we truly hope, will not be realized, but were it so, we think that only European goverements, and with stronger reason, free Switzerland, would not abase itself by acknowledging a power based upon slavery. People of the Union! the citizens of Geneva assembled in meeting to address to you their felicitations on the aim you pursue to maintain the Constitution inviolate and to destroy slavery.

The struggle has commenced between the two principles — Liberty and Slavery.

The consummation of victory must be the abolition of slavery forever and everywhere.

Hail Liberty! Hail Republic of the United States.

Mr. Seward returned the following response:

To the People of Geneva:
I have received from the American Consul who resides at Geneva, and have laid before the President, your fervent, eloquent, and most fraternal address to the people of the United States. By his command, I give you thanks, in the name of all my countrymen, for the timely and appropriate words of sympathy and friendship which you have spoken. Your address adds strength to the already strong claim which binds the first federal republic of America to the oldest and foremost federal republic of Europe. The people of Switzerland may rest assured, whoever else may fail, that it will not be the people of the United States which will betray the republican system to foreign enemies, or surrender it to domestic faction. With ardent prayers for the preservation of the Constitution, the freedom and prosperity of Switzerland, I have the honor to remain, citizens,

Your most obedient and sincere friend,

William H. Seward. State Department, Washington, July 30, 1864.

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