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[385] to the artillery, since in many places the roads were of the worst possible description.

Although the nature of your operations did not, except at the battles of Averysboro and Bentonville, call for any general use of artillery, yet in support of skirmish lines, brushing away cavalry, and covering the crossings of several difficult and important rivers, it was advantageously used at the following times and places, namely:

January twenty, 1865, Pocotaligo, Seventeenth Army Corps.

January twenty-two, 1865, Combahee, Fifteenth Army Corps.

January twenty-nine, 1865, Robertsville, Twentieth Army Corps.

February one, 1865, Hickory Hill, Fifteenth Army Corps.

February two, 1865, Lawtonville, Twentieth Army Corps.

February two, 1865, Whippy Swamp, Seventeenth Army Corps.

February three, 1865, “Store” at Duck creek, Fifteenth Army Corps.

February six, 1865, Little Salkehatchie, Fifteenth Army corps.

February nine, 1865, Binnaker's bridge, Seventeenth Army Corps.

February eleven, 1865, North Edisto, Seventeenth Army Corps.

February fifteen, 1865, Congaree creek, Fifteenth Army Corps.

February sixteen, 1865, Columbia, Fifteenth and Seventeenth Army Corps.

February seventeen, 1865, Broad river, Fifteenth Army Corps.

March sixteen, 1865, Little Rockfish creek, Fifteenth Army Corps.

At the battle of Averysboro, March sixteen, the batteries of the Twentieth corps were promptly and judiciously posted by Major Reynolds, the Chief of Artillery of that corps, and by the precision and rapidity of their fire did most excellent service in dislodging the enemy from his intrenched line, and the consequent capture of three of his guns.

At the battle of Bentonville, March nineteen twenty, and twenty-one, it was the fortune of the artillery to play a more conspicuous part. The batteries of the Fourteenth and Twentieth corps were hotly engaged on the nineteenth, and after the first temporary advantage gained by the enemy, in which the Nineteenth Indiana battery, not by any fault of its own, lost three of its guns (one of which was recaptured next day), they poured in a fire so steady, rapid and effective, that all of the enemy's frequently repeated assaults were successfully repulsed. On the twentieth, and particularly on the twenty-first, the batteries of the Fifteenth corps lent most efficient aid in advancing our own lines, in repelling the enemy's assaults, and in inflicting heavy loss upon him. Both of these fields of battle gave abundant proof of the precision of our artillery fire.

The following tabular statements will exhibit the amounts of provision and forage, and the number of animals captured by the unaided labors of the artillery, the casualties among officers, enlisted men, and animals, the expenditure of ammunition, and the number of guns lost by us and captured from the enemy:

Provisions, Animals, Forage, &c.

by what batteries procured flour. corn Mral. bacon. beef, &C. potatoes. corn. Hay and Fodder. horses. mules.
  Pounds. Pounds. Pounds. Pounds. Pounds. Pounds. Pounds.    
Twentieth Army corps 8,000 10,000 25,000 50,000 50,000 350,000 300,000 96 602
Fourteenth Army corps. 3,000 5,200 4,360 8,065   219,920 91,800 53 85
Fifteenth Army corps 4,900 5,700 23,000 2,300 37,440 499,000 90,000 50 63
Seventeenth Army corps 2,000 3,200 18,000     218,000 106,000 50 33
  17,900 24,100 70,360 60,365 87,440 1,284,920 587,800 249 783


  officers. enlisted men. horses. mules.
  Killed. Wounded. Missing. Died. Killed. Wounded. Missing. Died. Killed. Wounded. Killed. Wounded.
Fourteenth Army corps 1       4 6 1   25      
Twentieth Army corps         1 14 1     3    
Fifteenth Army corps           5 3          
Seventeenth Army corps         1 1 1          
Cavalry Division         1 1 13   10      
  1       7 27 19   35 3    

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