and collecting arms and accoutrements I received orders during the morning to assemble my division, send General Anderson's brigades to rejoin him, and to send an intelligent officer to the position of General Heth, at or near the junction of the river and mine roads, to inform himself of the points to be occupied, and if General Heth had left, to replace him by the brigades of General Mahone and another of my own. But afterwards, in conversation with General Lee, he directed me to move one of my brigades (General Kershaw) to relieve General Heth. The brigade was already in motion, and I joined with it and went to General Heth's position. The march was not delayed for a moment, as the brigade did not halt even once, and it arrived at its destination before the storm. General Heth's main command was posted in rear of the rifle-pits, which had been constructed two or three hundred yards on the plank road side of the junction of the river and mine roads, with smaller bodies more to the front. His men and officers had their shelter and other tents pitched, and there were no indications of his moving on my arrival. I think he received orders after my arrival to move when I arrived. General Kershaw had relieved him, and was in position before the storm commenced. General Heth informed me that the strength of the three brigades under his command was about nineteen hundred aggregate, which was not so numerous as the single brigade of General Kershaw. Colonel Wickham offered his services to point out the different crossings on the river, and I rode down the river road with him. A terrible storm of wind and rain delayed my return to my headquarters until between eight and nine o'clock at night, when I learned that General Semmes had been ordered to join General Kershaw. The next morning early I rode to the position of Generals Kershaw and Semmes, and, advancing the skirmishers and scouts, discovered that the enemy had gone over the river. Shortly after, I received orders to retire to my former position in front of Fredericksburg, leaving a brigade (Wofford's) at Banks's Ford. The number of killed, wounded, and missing in my division, are,--
My Inspector-General reports over twelve hundred prisoners taken.
|Kershaw,||104,||of which 2 are missing.|
|Barksdale,||592,||of which 327 are missing, besides 14 officers.|
|Semmes,||603,||of which 26 are missing.|
|Wofford,||562,||of which 9 are missing.|
|Artillery,||28,||of which 2 are missing.|
L. Mclaws, Major-General.
Report of Major-General Early.
Major: About daylight, on the twenty-ninth ultimo, the enemy crossed at the mouth of Deep Run, and later near Pratt's house, below. On receiving information of the first movement, I immediately moved my division into line on the railroad, the right resting at Hamilton's Crossing, and the left at Deep Run, and occupied the river road in front with three regiments, and thus kept the enemy from advancing to that road. The residue of the troops having, in the mean time, been brought up on the afternoon of the thirtieth, I received instructions from Lieutenant-General Jackson to remain behind with my division and one of McLaws's brigades, (Barksdale's,) to observe the enemy, while the residue of the troops were removed to the left. General Pendleton, with a portion of his reserve artillery, and Lieutenant-Colonel Andrews, with his battalion of artillery, was also left behind. My division and Andrews's artillery occupied the lines on the right, and Barksdale's brigade and Pendleton's artillery occupied Fredericksburg in the rear. About eleven o'clock, on the second instant, instructions were received from General Lee, through General Chilton, to leave a brigade behind as a guard, and move with the residue up to Chancellorsville; and, as soon as I could get ready, I commenced the movement, leaving behind Hays's brigade and one of Barksdale's regiments. A portion of General Pendleton's artillery, under like instructions, was sent to the rear. After I had commenced the movements, and had reached the plank road, and moved the head of the column up it about a mile, information was received from the rear of such character as to cause me to turn back and occupy the former line as before. About light, on next morning, (Monday, the third,) I received information from General Barksdale that the enemy had thrown a bridge across at Fredericksburg; and I immediately sent Hays's brigade from the right to his support. In a short time the enemy commenced making demonstrations from the mouth of Deep Run and Fredericksburg. All his efforts to attack the left of my line were thwarted, and one attack on Marye's hill was repulsed. The enemy, however, sent a flag of truce to Colonel Griffin, of the Eighteenth Mississippi regiment, who occupied the works at the foot of Marye's hill with his own and the Twenty-first Mississippi regiment, which was received by him imperfectly, and it had barely returned before heavy columns were advanced against the position, and the trenches were carried and the hill taken. A large portion of the Eighteenth Mississippi regiment and a part of the Twenty-first being taken prisoners, and a company of the Washington artillery, with its guns, were captured. After this, the artillery on Lee's hill and the rest of Barksdale's infantry, with one of Hays's regiments, fell back on the telegraph road. Hays, with the remainder, being compelled to fall back up the plank road as he was on the left. Having received information, I hastened up, and succeeded in halting the artillery and infantry, and checked the advance of the enemy, and had the brigades on the right thrown back into the second line; and, upon the arrival of Hays's brigade, which came around from the