two hundred yards, encountered the enemy strongly posted on the side of a hill, with temporary breastworks, who immediately opened a destructive fire of grape, canister, and small arms, upon the left of my line, which, for a moment, caused a delay in my advance. The right of the brigade overlapping their line, and finding little resistance in their front, wheeled to the left and took the enemy on the flank. At the same time, two batteries of artillery, Semple's and Key's, having been ordered up by General Cleburne between Wood's and my brigade, opened at short range upon the enemy. Their lines gave way, and they fell back in great confusion. We continued to press them till nearly nine o'clock, when, there being some danger of firing into our own men, we were ordered to halt and rectify or lines. This ended the contest for the night, most of the fighting having been done since dark. In this engagement we drove the enemy seven miles and a quarter, captured over fifty prisoners and three pieces of artillery, and same number of caissons. The loss of the brigade, considering the heavy musketry, was light, not being over sixty men killed and wounded. We rested in line of battle the remainder of the night, with a strong line of skirmishers thrown some four hundred yards in front. On Sunday morning, the twentieth, our provision wagons were brought up and the men permitted to eat their breakfast, having been without anything to eat for twenty-four hours. My brigade was again ordered forward, commencing the move about nine o'clock; General Breckinridge having placed his line upon the prolongation of my right, with two batteries of artillery between the right of my brigade and left of his division; owing to some mistakes I did not receive the order to advance until a few moments after General Breckinridge's division had been put in motion. Immediately upon the order bing received I moved my brigade, obliquing slightly to the right, so as to keep my right connected with General Breckinridge s left; the enemy's fortifications running off at right angles to the rear of their line, opposite the right of my brigade, I was not able to recover my immediate connection with his left before I encountered the enemy, strongly posted in a strong line of fortifications, on the crest of a hill; my line from right to left soon became furiously engaged — the enemy pouring a most destructive fire of canister and musketry into my advancing line, so terrible, indeed, that my line could not advance in the face of it, but lying down partially protected by the crest of a hill, we continued the fight some hour and a half. Wood's brigade not promptly supporting me upon the left, it was impossible to charge their breastworks. My ammunition becoming exhausted, by orders, I fell back some four hundred yards, leaving a line of skirmishers in my front to oppose the advance of the enemy, until my ammunition could be replenished. The enemy were too much hurt to advance, and were well satisfied to hold their works. I remained in this position some hours. In this engagement my loss was very great, amounting to some three hundred and fifty killed and wounded. Among the number was Captain W. J. Morris, of Third and Fifth Confederate regiment, a brave and worthy officer. Captain McKnight, of Second Tennessee regiment, also fell in these engagements in the faithful discharge of his duties. Major Driven, of the Second Tennessee, received a most painful and serious wound in the head. Adjutant Greenwood, of First Arkansas, one of the best and most gallant officers in the army, fell mortally wounded. Here also my Inspector-General, Captain Hugh S. Otey, a brave and faithful officer, was mortally wounded by a cannon ball, from the effect of which he died a few days after. My brigade remained here until about four o'clock P. M., when I was ordered by General Cleburne to advance and take up my position upon the left of Brigadier-General Jackson. Arriving in this position, I found General Jackson's line advancing; partially wheeling my brigade to the left, I immediately advanced with Jackson's brigade, and again encountered the enemy behind their breastworks, some five hundred yards to the right of where I engaged them in the morning. Again I was met by a terrible volley of grape, canister, and small arms, which caused a temporary halt. Ordering Lieutenant Key to bring up his battery beneath the crest of the ridge, where my line of battle was fighting, he replied that his horses could not live a moment under such a fire. I then ordered him to bring the pieces by hand, and, assisted by some volunteers from the brigade, succeeded in doing so, and opened upon their breastworks with double charges of canister, at a distance of less than two hundred yards. Observing at this time, that the enemy's line wavered, I immediately ordered a charge, and, at four and a half o'clock, succeeded in getting possession of their first line of works, taking more than two hundred prisoners, all of them regulars. The enemy fell back in some confusion to his second line and again made a stand. About this time some batteries of artillery, which General Cleburne had massed on a hill upon my left, poured so destructive a fire upon the columns coming up to support the troops in the breastworks, that finding that their supports had been driven back, they gave way and retired in great confusion from their second line of breastworks, and did not stop a moment in their third line. I moved my brigade rapidly forward and pursued them across the Chattanooga road, reaching the road a little before dark. At this time the firing had stopped everywhere, and the army of Rosecrans was in rapid and disorderly retreat towards Chattanooga. In this engagement my loss, though not as heavy as in the morning, was heavy-losing nearly two hundred men. It was here that Captain Beard, of the Third and Fifth Confederate regiment, and Captain George Moore, of same regiment, both gallant officers, met their death. Here
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Doc . 62 .-Hoisting the Black flag — official correspondence and reports.
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