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[532] inches square, strongly bolted together; a reentering angle twenty feet deep to receive the bow of the vessel, fifty feet long, twenty-seven feet wide; a layer of bevelled timbers on the front forming a bow, seven heavy iron plates, through which passed chains directly down and over the sides, through hawser-pipes; to these were attached grappling-irons with double prongs, suspended underneath, at the sides and bow; in the countersinks of the plates were loose iron rollers, apparently to facilitate the drawing of the chains through the holes over them, when the grapplings took hold, to drag up to the “Devil” whatever he may catch with his hooks.

The colors of the six turrets remaining on the eighth are as follows:

First turret, lead color; stack, lead color; top of stack, red, with black ring.

Second turret and stack, black.

Third turret, black; stack, white; top green.

Fourth turret, black; stack, black; top stack (1-3) lead color.

Fifth turret and stack, lead color.

Sixth turret and stack, black.

The hull of the turret in running trim stands about two feet above water level, carrying a whistle, stove-pipe, and stanchions for swinging a small boat on deck, with a light railing around it. When cleared for action, she is submerged almost to the water level; the other articles all removed flush with the deck. The issue of steam from the deck several times observed, if not from injury, is probably from the blow-off pipe, taken down flush, as she cannot carry it, as other vessels, on her sides.

I accompany the report with a sketch of the battle-ground, showing the relative positions of the forts and fleet; one of the faces of the fort, showing parts damaged; one of the Keokuk; one of a turret submerged for action; and one of the “Devil.”

Very respectfully,

Your most obedient servant,

William H. Echols, Major Engineers.
Official: G. Thomas Cox, Lieutenant Engineers.

Table of effects of projectiles on walls of Fort Sumter.--The numbers correspond with those on drawing of elevations, showing the locations of points of impact.

1  2    Scaled.
2Frag. Shell 6    Scaled.
3 234040Embrasure “A,” exterior concrete keystone and interior embrasure arch kuocked out; masonry cracked.
415-inch 93040Assisted No. 3. Spent.
511-inch101010Penetrated concrete and new masonry facing.
615-inch 3    Ricochet and spent.
7Frag. Shell      Scaled.
8 102020Apparently rifle-shot; no serious injury.
93 Shots2610080One 15-inch, other two not known; parapet wall cracked twenty-five feet in length, serious damage, perhaps by exploding shell.
1015-inch236040Interior arch of embrasure “B” dislocated; masonry between piers and embrasure badly shaken and projecting.
11Frag. Shell      Scaled.
1215-inch163030Shook masonry.
13 & 14Frag. Shell      Scaled.
15 163030Interior embrasure ( “C” ) arch broken; masonry cracked.
16 223030Perhaps exploding shell.
1715-inch 15    Scaled — spent ball.
18 163030Masonry shaken.
19 305050Exploding shell on pier; not much internal injury.
20 163030No serious injury.
21 164030Masonry around embrasure “D” badly cracked, and projecting inside.
2215-inch504030Penetrated, striking head of arch, and thrown upward, tearing away a quantity of masonry, not seriously damaging body of masonry, exploded in casemate.
2311-inch502020Same effect as 22. Destroyed embrasure “E.”
24 263636Not seriously damaging body of masonry.
2515-inch504040Same effect as 22; destroyed embrasure “F;” exploded in parade.
2611-inch      Scaled — ricochet and spent.
27 142320No serious damage.
28 10    No serious damage.
29 245050Serious damage; wall not much cracked
30       Scaled.
3115-inch103040Knocked off one foot of angle.
3211-inch 62620Knocked off six inches of angle.
33  53020Oblique fire. Scaled.
34Frag. Shell      Scaled.
35 162626Shook masonry.
3615-inch133 4 Broke and projected in sole of embrasure “G.”
37  102030Very oblique fire. No damage.
38Frag. Shell 42020Very oblique fire. No damage.
39  24040Very oblique fire. No damage.
40 102040Very oblique fire. No damage.
41 213030Exploding shell.
42  101616Oblique. Scaled.
43 122020No serious injury.
44Frag. Shell      Scaled.
4711-inch      Scaled — very oblique.
48 245050Exploding shell. Cracked parapet wall.
49       Knocked out iron embrasure slab, 1 foot wide, six inches thick, three feet long; indented it 1 1/2 inches, and broke it in three pieces. Shook masonry.
50 153036No serious injury.
5111-inch265070Brick traverse, east pan coupe.
5215-inch      Entered western quarters and exploded, damaging walls.
5311-inch      Entered western quarters and remained in quarters.
54       Demolished 10-inch columbiad carriage and chassis in southwest angle.
55       Struck end stone masonry berme south-east angle.
        Four small holes knocked in brick arch roof of eastern quarters by grazing shots or fragments from traverse.

William H. Echols, Major Engineers.
Official: G. Thos. Cox, Lieutenant Engineers.

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