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Eleventh Pennsylvania Reserves (40th Pa. Infantry).

McCandless's Brigade — Crawford's Division--Fifth Corps.

(1) Col. Thomas F. Gallagher; Bvt. Brig. Gen. (2) Col. Samuel M. Jackson; Bvt. Brig. Gen.

companies. killed and died of wounds. died of disease, accidents, in Prison, &c. Total Enrollment.
Officers. Men. Total. Officers. Men. Total.
Field and Staff   1 1       18
Company A 2 19 21   18 18 120
  B 1 22 23   6 6 117
  C 2 19 21   8 8 109
  D 2 22 24 1 13 14 124
  E 1 25 26   11 11 119
  F   8 8   11 11 107
  G 1 23 24   6 6 98
  H 1 13 14   8 8 114
  I   11 11   15 15 125
  K 1 22 23   16 16 128
Totals 11 185 196 1 112 113 1,179

196 killed == 16.6 per cent.

Total killed and wounded, 681; died in Confederate prisons (previously included), 22.

battles. K. & M. W. battles. K. & M. W.
Mechanicsville, Va. 1 Gettysburg, Pa. 5
Gaines's Mill, Va. (9 Cos.) 71 Bristoe Station, Va. 2
Glendale, Va. (Co. B.) 9 Wilderness, Va., 10
Manassas, Va. 14 Spotsylvania, Va. 2
South Mountain, Md. 16 Bethesda Church, Va. 6
Antietam, Md. 10 Place unknown 1
Fredericksburg, Va. 49    

Present, also, at Dranesville; Malvern Hill; Rappahannock Station; Mine Run; North Anna; Totopotomoy.

notes.--The Eleventh sustained the heaviest loss of any regiment in the Pennsylvania Reserves, while its percentage of loss is among the largest of any in the war. It was recruited in Western Pennsylvania, and arrived July 26, 1861, at Washington, where it was assigned to the Second Brigade, which was then commanded by General Meade. At Gaines's Mill, the EleventH held its position in the face of a terrible fire until the other troops had been forced to fall back, when, being surrounded by the enemy, it was obliged to surrender; Company B was detailed on fatigue duty just before the fight commenced, and thus escaped the fate of their comrades. The captured men and officers were exchanged August 5th, rejoining the Army before it left the Peninsula. Resuming their place in the First Corps, the Reserves took part in the battles of Manassas and South Mountain; when they entered the field at Antietam, the Eleventh had less than 200 men in line. Some recruits were obtained, and some of the wounded returned, so that it went into action at Fredericksburg with 394 officers and men; of these, 211 were killed or wounded. After a few months of needed rest at Washington the Reserves were assigned to the Fifth Corps, in which command they served at Gettysburg and in the Wilderness campaign. The Eleventh was relieved from duty, May 30, 1864, and ordered home for muster-out, the recruits having been transferred to the One Hundred and Ninctieth Pennsylvania.

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