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Eighteenth United States Infantry

King's Brigade — Rousseau's Division--Fourteenth Corps.

Colonel Henry B. Carrington; Bvt. Brig.-Gen. U. S. A.

killed or mortally wounded.
First Battalion. Second Battalion Third Battalion.
Company. Officers. En. Men. Total. Company. Officers. En. Men. Total. Company. Officers. En. Men. Total.
N. C. S.       N. C. S.   1 1 N. C. S.      
A   3 3 A   10 10 A   3 3
B 1 14 15 B 2 11 13 B   3 3
C 1 2 3 C   9 9 C   6 6
D 1 8 9 D 1 11 12 D   4 4
E   13 13 E   12 12 E   3 3
F   9 9 F 1 12 13 F   8 8
G   14 14 G 1 10 11 G   9 9
H   19 19 H 1 9 10 H   6 6
Total. 3 82 85 Total. 6 85 91 Total.   42 42

Killed in action, 131; died of wounds, 87; total 218 Died of disease 199
Total of killed and wounded (omitting slight wounds) 854 Died in Confederate prisons (not previously included) 53
Captured and missing 206    
battles. K. & M. W. battles. K. & M. W.
Chaplin Hills, Ky. 1 New Hope Church, Ga. 22
Stone's River, Tenn. 102 Kenesaw Mountain, Ga. 1
Hoover's Gap, Tenn. 1 Smyrna Church, Ga. 5
Chickamauga, Ga. 48 Utoy Creek, Ga. 14
Missionary Ridge, Tenn. 2 Before Atlanta, Ga. 1
Tunnel Hill, Ga. 2 Jonesboro, Ga. 12
Resaca, Ga. 7    

Present, also, at Lick Creek; Siege of Corinth; Munfordville; Peach Tree Greek.

notes.--The Eighteenth sustained the heaviest loss in action of any regiment in the Regular Army; it was also, the largest regiment. In his proclamation of May 3d, 1861, President Lincoln directed an increase of the Regular Army, and the Eighteenth Infantry was one of the three-battalion regiments created under this act. Headquarters were located at Columbus, Ohio, the recruits coming principally from Ohio, Pennsylvania, Indiana, and Illinois. The organization was to have contained three battalions of eight companies each, but the Third Battalion was never fully organized, and its companies were attached to the other battalions. In December, 1861, twelve companies took the field, four more companies joining this detachment in March, 1862; eight more companies joined during the year. At the battle of Stone's River, where the regiment encountered its hardest fighting, the First Battalion, with two companies of the Third, was commanded by Major J. N. Caldwell; the Second Battalion, with four companies of the Third, by Major frederick Townsend. The Regular Brigade was then under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel O. L. Shepherd, Elighteenth United States Infantry, and was in Rousseau's (1st) Division, Fourteenth Corps. The Elighteenth took 603 officers and men into the fight at Stone's River, 48 per cent. of whom were killed or wounded. The First Division was commanded, at Chickamauga, by General Baird, and, on the Atlanta campaign, by General Johnson; the Regular Brigade (2d Brigadle, 1st Div'n, 14th A. C.) was under command of General John H. King. After the Atlanta campaign, in October 1864, the regiment was consolidated into one battalion, and was withdrawn from active service in the field. [Courtesy of Colonel Frederick Phisterer, late Captain and Adjutant of the Eighteenth United States Infantry.]

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