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1 Some historians have accepted a Confederate official “estimate” which puts Lee's effective strength at 80,762. But this will not do. There were too many infantry commands, unquestionably present and engaged, to warrant any such figures. The Confederate official reports of brigade and regimental commanders, for the Seven Days,--including Gen. D. H. Hill's statement of the strength of his division,--state, in the majority of cases, the number of men taken into action by the brigade or regiment. From these reports it appears that 105 infantry regiments took 45,317 men into action, an average of 431 men to a regiment. Again. Gen. Longstreet, in an official communication. June 23, 1862, gives the number “present” in each of his Virginia regiments and batteries, from which statement it appears that 23 regiments averaged 446 men present, with one battalion which numbered 213 present, and that 17 batteries averaged 71 men per bttery.
2 On April 30, 1864, the Army of the Potomac reported 99,438 “present for daty equipped;” and Burnside reported, in addition, 19,331 men in the Ninth Corps, which at that time constituted a separate command, although attached to the Army of the Potomae. This does not include the Army of the James, which, under command of Gen. Butler, was attacking Richmond at the same time, from the south side.
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