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[493] Kentucky Infantry; the 117th Regiment was changed to the 1st Ohio Heavy Artillery; the 27th Ohio was a colored regiment whose designation was changed to the 5th United States Colored.

In addition to the regiments in the above tabulation, Ohio sent 23 regiments to the field in April, 1861, to serve three months. The most of these regiments, which volunteered for three months in 1861, reorganized immediately after their return and enlisted for three years, retaining their old volunteer numbers. While in the three-months' service these regiments were engaged in active and arduous campaigns, and did considerable fighting, the three-months' volunteers from Ohio taking the most prominent part in the successful campaign which wrested West Virginia from the Confederate grasp.

A noticeable feature of the Ohio troops was the State National Guard, which was organized in 1863, pursuant to an act of Legislature passed that year, to meet the obvious necessity for such a body of troops in protecting the State from invasions like that of the Morgan Raid, and in supplying the National Government with emergency-men when called for. The Ohio National Guard was well organized, uniformed, drilled, and completely equipped; and, in the spring of 1864, Ohio sent 36,254 of these troops--42 regiments — to the field for 100

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