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Of the generals who attained prominence in the war, Illinois is credited with: Grant, Logan, McClernand, Schofield, Palmer, Hurlbut, Black, Giles A. Smith, Oglesby, McArthur, Grierson, John E. Smith, Eugene A. Carr, White, Carlin, Lawler, Morgan, E. J. Farnsworth, Mulligan, and many others.

As in the troops from other States, many of the Illinois regiments had distinctive synonyms by which they were known as well as by their numerical designations. Among these were:

“First Scotch” 12th Illinois. Yates Phalanx 39th Illinois.
“Second Scotch” 65th Illinois. “First Douglass 42d Illinois.
“First Irish 23d Illinois. “Northwestern Rifles” 44th Illinois.
“Irish Legion” 90th Illinois. “Lead Mine regiment” 45th Illinois.
“First Hecker 24th Illinois. “Chicago Legion” 51st Illinois.
“Second Hecker 82d Illinois. “Canton Rifles” 55th Illinois.
“Normal regiment” 33d Illinois. National Guards 57th Illinois.
Rock River regiment” 34th Illinois. Lyon color Guard” 58th Illinois.
Fox River regiment” 36th Illinois. Ninth Missouri 59th Illinois.
“Fremont Rifles” 37th Illinois. “Yates Sharpshooters” 64th Illinois.
“Highlanders” 65th Illinois. Wilder's mounted Infantry” 92d Illinois.
Birge's Sharpshooters” 66th Illinois. Wilder's mounted Infantry” 98th Illinois.
“First Board of Trade” 72d Illinois. Wilder's mounted Infantry” 123d Illinois.
“Second Board of Trade” 88th Illinois. Brackett's regiment” 9th Illinois Cavalry.
“Railroad regiment” 89th Illinois. “German Guides” 13th Illinois Cavalry.
“Excelsiors” 124th Illinois.    

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