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The most of those killed in the 73d fell in the assault on Port Hudson; and the killed in the 2d Infantry, at Natural Bridge, Va. Eleven officers of the latter regiment, including the Colonel and Chaplain, died of disease at Key West, Fla., in the summer of 1864.

There is no satisfactory explanation for the surprising mortality in the 5th Colored Heavy Artillery, and 65th Colored Infantry. The former regiment was recruited in Louisiana and Mississippi, and was stationed along the Mississippi river at various points between Memphis and Port Hudson. The most of the deaths were caused by fevers; and at one time the regiment suffered from small pox. It was organized at Vicksburg in August, 1863, and was mustered out May 20, 1866. Its original designation was the 9th Louisiana Vols., A. D.

The 65th Colored Infantry was also stationed along the Mississippi. It was recruited in Missouri, and organized at Benton Barracks, Mo., in December, 1863, as the 2nd Missouri Vols., A. D. Over 100 men died at the Barracks before the regiment took the field, the men having been enlisted by the Provost-Marshals throughout the State and forwarded to this Post during an inclement season,--thinly clad, and many of them hatless, shoeless, and without food. Many suffered amputation of frozen feet or hands, and the diseases engendered by this exposure resulted in a terrible and unprecedented mortality.

Miscellaneous Regiments.--In addition to the lists in the preceding pages, there were several regiments from the Territories and Southern States. The deaths in these commands are embraced in the losses credited their respective States and Territories, in the table given in the succeeding chapter. Some of these regiments suffered severely in action; notably, the ist Colorado, which lost 32 killed and 76 wounded at Apache Cañon; the 1st Louisiana (white), which lost 123 killed and wounded at Port Hudson; and the ist Arkansas Cavalry, which lost over 100 men killed in the guerrilla fighting on the Arkansas Frontier.

The remarkably large number of deaths from disease in some regiments includes the deaths in Confederate prisons, in which case the latter should be deducted in order to prevent an erroneous impression regarding the death rate of the regiment.

The following named regiments sustained unusually heavy losses by deaths in Confederate prisons:

regiment. Died in Prison. regiment. Died in Prison.
1st Maine Cavalry 145 2d Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery 92
1st Vermont Cavalry 149 7th Pennsylvania Reserves 73
1st Vermont Heavy Artillery 167 45th Pennsylvania Infantry 98
1st Massachusetts Heavy Artillery 102 101st Pennsylvania Infantry 158
2d Massachusetts Heavy Artillery 173 103d Pennsylvania Infantry 181
27th Massachusetts Infantry 116 145th Pennsylvania Infantry 98
39th Massachusetts Infantry 102 190th Pennsylvania Infantry 126
58th Massachusetts Infantry 89 191st Pennsylvania Infantry 125
14th Connecticut Infantry 78 9th Maryland Infantry 114
16th Connecticut Infantry 154 45th Ohio Infantry 134
2d New York Cavalry 91 89th Ohio Infantry 108
5th New York Cavalry 99 100th Ohio Infantry 84
12th New York Cavalry 80 5th Indiana Cavalry 68
22d New York Cavalry 83 1st Kentucky Cavalry 115
4th New York Heavy Artillery 97 11th Kentucky Cavalry 141
7th New York Heavy Artillery 204 12th Kentucky Cavalry 64
8th New York Heavy Artillery 102 4th Kentucky Mounted Infantry 88
14th New York Heavy Artillery 84 16th Illinois Cavalry 157
39th New York Infantry 94 5th Michigan Cavalry 76
52d New York Infantry 103 6th Michigan Cavalry 98
85th New York Infantry 222 7th Michigan Cavalry 83
111th New York Infantry 74 8th Michigan Cavalry 91
140th New York Infantry 77 22d Michigan Infantry 122
146th New York Infantry 81 36th Wisconsin Infantry 102
154th New York Infantry 90 9th Minnesota Infantry 122
4th Pennsylvania Cavalry 120 3d Tennessee Cavalry 70
5th Pennsylvania Cavalry 76 6th Tennessee Cavalry 78
13th Pennsylvania Cavalry 122 7th Tennessee Cavalry 193
14th Pennsylvania Cavalry 148 2d Tennessee Infantry 382
18th Pennsylvania Cavalry 130 12th United States Infantry 77

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