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Chapter 12: list of regiments and Batteries in the Union Armies with mortuary losses of each — the number killed and number of deaths from disease or other causes.

Another interesting chapter in this story of loyalty may be found in the statistics showing the total number of deaths in each organization from the Northern States that served in the War for the Union. The deaths incurred in battle are tabulated here separately from those induced by other causes, and the loss in officers is also given by itself.

These figures are based on the records of the muster-out rolls on file in the Military Bureaus of the various States, and have been revised by a careful comparison with the records of the War Department at Washington. They have also been tested by the casualty lists of the various battles, as published in the Official Records of the Rebellion, or awaiting publication. The figures are believed to be correct; and, beyond the possible change of an unit or so, will admit of no variation.

In footing up the regimental losses of any State, a seeming discrepancy may arise between the total result and the figures of the War Department which are given elsewhere in these pages. This difference in the total losses of a State may be due to the following reasons: some soldiers who were borne on the muster-out rolls as “wounded and missing in action” are included in these regimental tables with the killed; while in the official statistics of the War Department none are counted as killed unless definite information through official sources has been received to that effect. For this reason the total of killed in any State, as tabulated here by regiments, may exceed somewhat the figures of the War Department.

On the other hand, the footings of the regimental losses from disease and other causes may, in some States, fall somewhat below the figures of the Adjutant General's office at Washington. This difference is due largely to deaths among the “unassigned recruits,” who are omitted in these regimental tables. These unassigned recruits were seldom borne on the regimental rolls; they never reported to the regiments for duty; and most of the deaths among them occurred at the North while in recruiting barracks or camps of instruction. Hence, the deaths in this class are not considered in connection with the matter of regimental losses, although they enter properly into the State totals.

Some minor organizations, in which deaths from disease occurred, are also omitted, companies or small battalions which never left their State, or were organized 1865, at the close of the war.

For these reasons the State totals are not given, except in the official table issued by the Adjutant-General of the War Department at Washington, and which is reprinted elsewhere in these pages for that purpose.

With each regiment is given the division and corps in which it served. In some cases a regiment served in different divisions, and, sometimes, in more than one corps; but the division and corps designated here are not intended to cover the history of a regiment, but rather to suggest something which will assist the reader in identifying the battalion and tihe

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