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The 1st Missouri Light Artillery was originally an infantry regiment--Colonel Frank P. Blair's — which enlisted for three months and fought at Camp Jackson, Boonville, and Wilson's Creek. In the latter engagement it lost 76 killed, 208 wounded,1 and 11 missing; total, 295. But few regiments in the war sustained a heavier loss in any one battle. After its three months enlistment had expired it returned to St. Louis, where it reorganized as a light artillery regiment, and enlisted for three years.

The County Regiments — Benton, Lawrence, Stone, Greene, Cole, and Ozark Counties — enlisted for three months only; but it was three months of active service. and included some hard fighting.

The 7th Missouri Infantry won special distinction in the siege of Vicksburg by its gallantry in the desperate assault of May 22d, planting its colors on the enemy's works and losing six color-bearers killed in quick succession.

The 39th Missouri lost 2 officers and 120 men killed in a massacre at Centralia, Mo., September 27, 1864. Major Johnson of the 39th, with a detachment of 147 men from his regiment, attacked a large force of guerrillas under the command of the Confederate partisan, Anderson. Johnson and his men were surrounded after the first volley, and, no quarter being shown, but few escaped alive. Major Johnson was among the killed.

The designation of the 9th Missouri Infantry, which was organized in St. Louis, was changed to the 59th Illinois, as most of the men belonged in that State; and, for a similar reason, the 13th Missouri became the 22d Ohio.

Kansas.--In addition to the regiments mentioned in the above list, Kansas organized three others, which were composed of Indians, and were designated the Kansas Indian Home-Guard. These regiments were organized during the spring and summer of 1862, and served until the war had ended. They fought in the numerous battles in the Indian Territory, and were also engaged in some of the battles in Arkansas and Missouri,--at Prairie Grove, and at Newtonia. These regiments were recruited mostly from the Creeks and Cherokees.

The 1st Kansas lost at Wilson's Creek 77 killed, 187 wounded,2 and 20 missing; total, 284.

The principal losses of the 8th Kansas were: At Chickamauga, 30 killed, 165 wounded,3 and 25 missing; at Missionary Ridge, 3 killed and 24 wounded;4 and at Nashville, 8 killed and 32 wounded.5 At Chickamauga the regiment was in Davis's Division of McCook's (20th) Corps, but shortly after that battle it was assigned to Thos. J. Wood's Division of the Fourth Corps.

The number of troops furnished by Kansas was largely in excess of its quota, and was equal to 72 per cent. of its military population (white males from 18 to 45 years of age), as enumerated in the census of 1860.

1 Including the mortally wounded.

2 Including the mortally wounded.

3 Including the mortally wounded.

4 Including the mortally wounded.

5 Including the mortally wounded.

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