The corps lost about 1,200 men at Winchester; at the Opequon it lost 104 killed, 683 wounded, and 7 missing--a total of 794; at Cedar Creek it lost 48 killed, 270 wounded, and 540 captured, or missing; total, 858. General Lew. Wallace was assigned to the command of the Eighth Corps on March 12, 1863, and was in command at the battle of Monocacy, July 9, 1864. But that battle was fought chiefly by Ricketts' Division of the Sixth Corps; the only troops of the Eighth Corps which were engaged, were some regiments from the Baltimore garrison, organized as the First Separate Brigade of the Eighth Corps, General E. B. Tyler commanding. On July 11th, General Ord was assigned to the command of the corps, but on the 28th it was restored to General Wallace. In December, 1864, the First and Third Brigades of the First Division (Thoburn's) were transferred to the Army of the James, then near Richmond, and were designated as the Independent Division of the Twenty-fourth Corps, General J. W. Turner commanding. The Eighth Corps proper remained in service until August 1, 1865, when its existence terminated.
- Roanoke Island -- New Berne -- Camden -- Wilmington Island -- James Island -- Manassas -- Chantilly -- South Mountain -- Antietam -- Fredericksburg -- Siege of Vicksburg -- Jackson -- Blue Springs -- Lenoir Station -- Campbell's Station -- Fort Sanders -- Siege of Knoxville -- Strawberry Plains -- Wilderness -- Ny River -- Spotsylvania -- North Anna -- Bethesda Church -- Cold Harbor -- assault on Petersburg, June 17th -- Petersburg Trenches -- Petersburg Mine -- Weldon Railroad -- Poplar Spring Church -- Boydton Road -- Hatcher's Run -- Fort Stedman -- Fall of Petersburg.
A wandering corps, whose dead lie buried in seven states. Although the official order designating its number was not issued until July 22, 1862, still, the corps organization might properly be considered as dating back to the Burnside expedition to North Carolina, in February, 1862, and to the operations about Hilton Head, S. C.; because, the troops engaged in these movements were the only ones used in the formation of the corps. In July, 1862, two of Burnside's brigades left North Carolina and proceeded to Newport News, Va.; at the same time, Stevens' Division left Hilton Head and repaired to the same place. From these troops, thus assembled, General Burnside organized his famous Ninth Corps on July 22, 1862, the command consisting of three divisions, under Generals Stevens, Reno, and Parke. After a short stay at Newport News the corps was ordered to reenforce Pope, and at Manassas it fought its first battle as the Ninth Corps. Only the two divisions of Stevens and Reno were engaged in this action; they numbered 12 regiments and 2 batteries,--less than 5,000 men, all told. General Reno was in command of both divisions, Burnside having been engaged at Fredericksburg in attending to the forwarding of troops. The losses in this small command at Manassas amounted to 204 killed, 1,000 wounded, and 319 missing; total, 1,523. Some of the regiments encountered a severe fire, the Twenty-eighth Massachusetts losing 234 men. General Stevens was killed at Chantilly. General Reno retained command of the corps on the Maryland campaign, General Burnside having charge of the right wing of the Army, which was composed of the First and Ninth Corps. General Willcox was appointed to the command of Stevens' (1st) Division, while the Second and Third Divisions were commanded, respectively, by Generals Sturgis and Rodman. During this campaign Cox's Kanawha Division was temporarily attached to the corps. The command had also been greatly strengthened by the accession of several new