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But the foregoing were only a few of the many instances of heavy percentages of loss. They represent only the few cases in which the official reports happened to mention the number of effectives taken into action, and which, again, happened to appear before the order was issued, forbidding any further mention in official reports of the strength in action.

Equally surprising percentages are found in the brigade reports:--

Brigade losses.

Brigade. Battle. Division. Present. Killed. Wounded. Missing. Per cent.
Garnett's (Va.) Gettysburg Pickett's 1,427 78 324 5391 65.9
Perry's (Fla.) Gettysburg Anderson's 700 33 217 205 65.0
Wofford's (Texas Antietam Hood's 854 69 417 62 64.1
Anderson's (S. C.) 2Seven Days Longstreet's 1,250 136 638 13 62.9
Pryor's 3Seven Days Longstreet's 1,400 170 681 11 61.5
Cockrell's (Mo.) Franklin French's 696 98 229 92 60.2
Wilcox's (Ala.) 4Seven Days Longstreet's 1,850 229 806 20 57.0
Benning's (Ga.) Chickamauga Hood's 900 88 412 10 56.6
Bate's Chickamauga Stewart's 1,187 66 541 -- 51.1
Ramseur's (N. C.) Chancellorsville D. H. Hill's 1,509 154 526 108 52.2
Featherston's (Miss.) 5Seven Days Longstreet's 1,350 115 542 9 49.3
Lane's (N. C.) Gettysburg Pender's 1,355 41 348 271 48.7
Donelson's (Tenn.) Stone's River Cheatham's 1,5296 108 575 17 45.7
Gregg's Chickamauga B. R. Johnson's 1,352 109 474 18 44.4
Clayton's (Ala.) Chickamauga Stewart's 1,446 86 535 13 44.4
Semmes's Antietam McLaws's 709 53 255 6 44.2
Daniels's (N. C.) Gettysburg Rodes's 2,100 165 635 116 43.6
Rodes's (Ala.) Malvern Hill D. H. Hill's 1,027 81 344 -- 41.3

These terrible losses were not confined to regiments and brigades; in some divisions the men were cut down equally fast throughout the entire ranks of the command. During the Seven Days Battle, Longstreet's Division lost in the actions at Gaines's Mill and Glendale 766 killed, 3,435 wounded and 237 missing; total, 4,438,--out of 8,831 engaged, or, 50.2 per cent.

Nor was this an uncommon loss. The official reports of Confederate Division-Generals, though lacking the figures necessary for a statement of an exact percentage, often indicate plainly a division-loss in killed and wounded of over forty per cent.

Through four years of desperate war and its score of battles these excessive percentages divided and subdivided the ranks, until the end came and with it a division which was merely a thing of shreds and patches.

1 The official report for Garnett's brigade says: “It is feared from the information received that the majority of those reported missing are either killed or wounded.”

2 This loss occurred in the two actions at Gaines's Mill and Glendale.

3 This loss occurred in the two actions at Gaines's Mill and Glendale.

4 This loss occurred in the two actions at Gaines's Mill and Glendale.

5 This loss occurred in the two actions at Gaines's Mill and Glendale.

6 General Donelson stated the number in his official report at “about 1,400 men.”

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