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[4] Hence the unjust being here the unequal, the judge endeavors to equalize it: inasmuch as when one man has received and the other has inflicted a blow, or one has killed and the other been killed, the line1 representing the suffering and doing of the deed is divided into unequal parts, but the judge endeavors to make them equal by the penalty or loss2 he imposes, taking away the gain.

1 Again a diagram is employed, cf. 3.9,10, and infra 4.8.

2 ζημία has both senses.

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