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1 See 4.5, first note.
2 See Bk. 3.10
3 Cf. 1.7: θυμός, ‘spirit,’ aims at victory, and so is brought into this discussion of ‘pleasures and desires’ （ 4.5）; but in chap. 6 it is contrasted with desire, and its indulgence in the form of anger is seen to be painful rather than pleasant （6.4）.
4 This seems to be the meaning of the imperfect tenses. An inscription records that a boxer named Ἄνθρωπος won at Olympia in 456 B.C. and the Greek commentators say that he is referred to here. His name would appear to have been used in the Peripatetic school as an example of the analogical use of words.
5 i.e., it requires the addition of three words. Strictly speaking, however, it is impossible to define an individual; moreover, the Olympic victor （a） was a man not merely by analogy but as a member of the species, and （b） was named Man not even by analogy but only homonymously. But a humorous illustration need not be precise.
6 Perhaps Man had some personal peculiarity which somewhat belied his name.