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[569a] and that it did not beget and establish him in order that, when he had grown great, it, in servitude to its own slaves, should feed him and the slaves together with a nondescript rabble of aliens, but in order that, with him for protector, it might be liberated from the rule of the rich and the so-called ‘better classes,’1 and that it now bids him and his crew depart from the city as a father expels2 from his house a son together with troublesome revellers?” “The demos, by Zeus,” he said, “will then learn to its cost3 [569b] what it is and what4 a creature it begot and cherished and bred to greatness, and that in its weakness it tries to expel the stronger.” “What do you mean?” said I; “will the tyrant dare to use force against his father, and, if he does not yield, to strike him5?” “Yes,” he said, “after he has once taken from him his arms.” “A very parricide,” said I, “you make the tyrant out to be, and a cruel nurse of old age, and, as it seems, this is at last tyranny open and avowed, and, as the saying goes, the demos trying to escape the smoke of submission to the free would have plunged [569c] into the fire6 of enslavement to slaves, and in exchange for that excessive and unseasonable liberty7 has clothed itself in the garb of the most cruel and bitter servile servitude.8” “Yes indeed,” he said, “that is just what happens.” “Well, then,” said I, “shall we not be fairly justified in saying that we have sufficiently described the transformation of a democracy into a tyranny and the nature of the tyranny itself?” “Quite sufficiently,” he said.

1 For καλῶν κἀγαθῶν cf. Aristoph.Knights 185, and Blaydes on 735. See also on 489 E, p. 27, note d.

2 Cf. Blaydes on Aristoph.Clouds 123.

3 For the threatening γνώσεται cf. 362 A, 466 C, Il. xviii. 270 and 125, Theocr. xxvi. 19τάχα γνώσῃ, and Lucian, Timon 33εἴσεται.

4 For the juxtaposition οἷος οἷον Cf. Symp. 195 A, Sophocles El. 751, Ajax 557, 923, Trach. 995, 1045.

5 Cf. on 574 C, pp. 346-347, note e.

6 As we say, “Out of the frying-pan into the fire.” Cf. Anth. Pal. ix. 17. 5ἐκ πυρὸς ὡς αἶνος 'πεσες ἐς φλόγα, Theodoret, Therap. iii. p. 773καὶ τὸν καπνὸν κατὰ τὴν παροιμίαν, ὡς ἔοικε, φύγοντες, εἰς αὐτὸ δὴ τὸ πῦρ ἐμπεπτώκαμεν. See Otto, p. 137; also Solon 7 (17) (Anth. Lyr.,Bergk-Hiller, 9 in Edmonds, Greek Elegy and Iambus, i. p. 122, Loeb Classical Library)εἰς δὲ μονάρχου δῆμος ἀιδρείῃ δουλοσύνην ἔπεσεν, Herod. iii. 81τυράννου ὕβριν φεύγοντας ἄνδρας ἐς δήμου ἀκολάστου ὕβριν πεσεῖν, and for the idea Epist. viii. 354 D.

7 Cf. Epist. viii. 354 D.

8 For the rhetorical style Cf. Tim. 41θεοὶ θεῶν, Polit. 303 C σοφιστῶν σοφιστάς, and the biblical expressions, God of Gods and Lord of Lords, e.g.Deut. x. 17, Ps. cxxxvi. 2-3, Dan. xi. 36, Rev. xix. 16. Cf. Jebb on Soph.O. T. 1063τρίδουλος.

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