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Fifty-three Peloponnesian ships under Alcidas and Brasidas appear before Corcyra.

αἱ ἐκ τῆς Κυλλήνης . . . νῆες: cf. c. 69. 6. For ἐκ τῆς, the usual prolepsis, see on c. 5. 1.—4.

ἐφ̓ ὅρμῳ: with St. (Rh. Mus. xxvi. p. 345 f.), for ἔφορμοι of the Mss., which the Schol. explains by ἐν ὅρμῳ διατρίβουσαι. ἔφορμος as adj. seems not to be found; as a noun, it is found in c. 6. 6; iv. 27. 7; 32. 4. ὅρμος is a place of safe anchorage, not a harbour proper. Cf. iv. 26. 9; vi. 44. 12; vii. 41. 4. The expression ἐῤ ὅρμῳ εἶναι is not found elsewhere. Kr. conjectured ἐν ἐφόρμῳ οὖσαι, Meineke and v. H. ἐφορμοῦσαι. That ἔφορμος and ἐφορμεῖν do not always refer to a blockade is shown by the use of ἐφόρμησις in vi. 48. 9. After the forty ships of Alcidas had returned from the Ionian coast and united with the thirteen of Brasidas, the fleet lay for some time at anchor at Cyllene, occupied with preparations for the voyage to Corcyra, c. 69. 13.—6.

ξύμβουλος: see on c. 69. 7.—

ἐπέπλει: was on board. See on c. 16. 17. It is quite different from ἐπέπλεον in the next line.—7.

Σύβοτα: name of islands, promontory, and harbour on the Thesprotian coast (cf. i. 47. 4; 50. 14; 54. 4); still existing in S. Nicolo di Sivota. 77, 78. In a sea-fight the Corcyraean ships, advancing in disorder, are thrown into confusion. Their retreat is covered by the twelve Attic ships, which after an indecisive conflict retire before superior numbers.

οἱ δέ: i.e. the democratic authorities in Corcyra.—

πολλῷ θορύβῳ καὶ πεφοβημένοι: unlike elements combined in the same pred. relation. Kr. Spr. 59, 2, 3. Cf. c. 25. 8; 34. 17; 42. 23; i. 63. 7.—3.

τὰς αἰεὶ πληρουμένας ἐξέπεμπον: both impf. and pres. partic. are necessary with the iterative αἰεί. See on c. 23. 11.—4.

παραινούντων Ἀθηναίων: although the Athenians advised. Cf. c. 79. 10.— 5.

πάσαις ἅμα: i.e. with all at once, not ταῖς αἰεὶ πληρουμέναις.—ἐπιγενέσθαι: to follow after. Cf. ii. 44. 12.

αὐτοῖς: the dat. placed first in the most general relation to the whole. Cf. i. 6. 8; 48. 9.—8.

οἱ ἐμπλέοντες: only here=οἱ ἐπιβάται.—9. τῶν ποιουμένων: cf. vi. 87. 10; viii. 43. 14; 46. 27; 69. 9.

ἐτάξαντο: ‘direct middle,’ as in i. 48. 9; iv. 11. 2, etc. G. 1242, 1; H. 812. Cf. κύκλον τάξασθαι, c. 78. 7; ii. 83. 23.—12.

ὧν ἦσαν kte(.: cf. i. 116. 8 ὧν ἧσαν αἱ εἴκοσι στρατιώτιδες. See App.—

Σαλαμινία καὶ Πάραλος: see on c. 33. 2.

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  • Commentary references from this page (9):
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.16
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.23
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.25
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.33
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.5
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.6
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.69
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.78
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.79
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