Μεγαρῆς τε τά
—the manuscripts have τά τε
, but as the particles connect the respective operations of the Megarians and of Brasidas, Krüger and others adopt the transposition suggested by Haacke; see note on ch. 77, 11.
—the pronoun is placed in the relative clause: so ii. 45
, παισί, ὅσοι τῶνδε πάρεστε
, where Poppo cites several instances. For the Athenian occupation of the walls, see ch. 69.
—so iii. 68
, καθελόντες ἐς ἔδαφος ἐκ τῶν θεμελίων
, properly a headland or peninsula; see Liddell and Scott) the most easterly peninsula of Chalcidice. It is about 40 miles in length, and averages 4 in width: it is mountainous and rugged, especially towards Mount Athos. The latter name was often applied to the whole peninsula, which is joined to the mainland near Acanthus by a low and narrow isthmus. The following is the description given by Herodotus (vii. 22
), ὁ γὰρ Ἄθως ἐστὶ ὄρος μέγα τε καὶ οὐνομαστὸν ἐς θάλασσαν κατῆκον οἰκημένον ὑπὸ ἀνθρώπων. τῇ δὲ τελευτᾷ ἐς τὴν ἤπειρον τὸ ὄρος, χερσονησοειδές τέ ἐστι καὶ ἰσθμὸς ὠς δώδεκα σταδίων: πεδίον δὲ τοῦτο
τοῦ βασιλέως διορύγματος
—the canal made by Xerxes; cf. Hdt. vii. 22
etc. Distinct traces of it remain. ἔσω προὔχουσα
must mean ‘jutting out inwards’, i.e. into the sea; or according to Haack ‘intra Chersonesum’. Herodotus calls the towns of the peninsula αἱ ἐντὸς Σάνης
. Krüger suggests ἔξω
is either geographical gen. ‘situated in, belonging to it’; or is governed by τελευτᾴ
, as in iii. 104
, ἐτελεύτα τοῦ ἐπαίνου ἐς τάδε τὰ ἔπη
, ‘he ended his panegyric with these verses’. Mount Athos ‘forms the extremity of’ the peninsula, rising abruptly from the sea to a height of more than 6000 feet. The phrase τελευτᾶν ἐς
occurs ch. 48, 27.
ἐς τὸ πρὸς Εὔβοιαν
—Sane is on the isthmus and looks south: see Hdt. vii. 22
, where the same list of six towns is given, Sane being distinguished as πόλις Ἑλλάς
—speaking Greek besides their own tongue: viii. 85
, Κᾶρα δίγλωσσον
—See Grote Vol. ii., ch. 2 and 22; and the authorities cited by Poppo and Classen. Λῆμνον καὶ Ἀθήνας
—see the account in Hdt. vii. 137
—140. For the position of οἰκησάντων
cf. note on ch. 5, 10.