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Final defeat of the Athenians in Egypt.

ἐπέμενον, καὶ...κατέστησαν : parataxis; = while they waited in Egypt (since B.C. 460, see c. 104, § 2) occurred, etc. κατέστησαν, complexive aor. summing up a series; see on c. 6. 3.

ἰδέαι: used in vi.4.31 in its literal sense of ‘figure.’ Thuc., who is fond of the word, uses it elsewhere for ‘manner, mode’; and only here in pl., of vicissitudes in war (belli modos, Hor. Car. ii.1.2); often with πᾶσα. Cf. ii.19.2; iii. 81. 22; 83. 1; 98. 15; 112. 23; vii.29.26.

ἐκράτουν...καὶ...πέμπει : see on c. 61. 1.

ἐς τὴν Ἀττικὴν...ἀπ̓ Αἰγύπτου : the position shows strong contrast.

ἀπαγάγοι: cf. iii.36.4; vi.73.9.

προυχώρει: here impers. as in ii.56.12; iii.4.19; 18. 4; iv.59.16. Elsewhere with a subj., αἵρεσις (ii.58.7), τὸ ἔργον (viii.68.25), or a neut. of general meaning (c. 74. 28; 111. 7; 127. 4; ii.5.2; iv.18.21; 73. 20; 101. 11; v.37.9; 54. 7; 83. 7; vi.18.27; 74. 11; 90. 7; 103. 11).—ἄλλως: = μάτην. Cf. iv.36.2; vii.42.35; 47. 17; viii.78.9. ii.18.8, which Cl. gives here as another instance, is correctly explained by him there in a different sense. —ἀνηλοῦτο: Wecklein, Cur. epigr. p. 34, has shown that ἀναλοῦν, ἀναλίσκειν should have the aug. η. Cf. ii.13.29; 64. 14; 70. 11; iii.81.16; vi.31.38; vii.48.35; viii.31.17; 45. 30; 65. 12.

μὲν Μεγάβαζος κτἑ.: the use of the common pred. ἐκομίσθη has a sarcastic tone.

Μεγάβυζον: mentioned in Hdt. vii.82.8 and iii.160.12, where he is said to be the son of that Zopyrus, who gained Babylon for Darius.

μετὰ στρατιᾶς πολλῆς: Diod. gives him (xi. 75) with Artabazus 300,000 men and (xi. 77) 300 ships.

Προσωπίτιδα: this island is mentioned in Hdt. ii. 41. It lay between the Sebennytic and Canopic mouths of the Nile, which must have been joined on the north by a channel, probably artificial. This Megabyzus rendered dry by diverting the water flowing into it (Diod. xi.77.2, τὸν περιρρέοντα ποταμὸν διώρυξι διαλαβόντες ἤπειρον ἐποίησαν τὴν νῆσον).

ξηράνας...παρατρέψας : the result stated before the means; see on c. I. 3.— 16. ἐπὶ τοῦ ξηροῦ ἐποίησε: cf. ἐν μέσῳ αὑτῶν ποιεῖν, c. 62. 14; ἐντὸς ποιῆσαι, v.2.13; ἐντὸς λίαν τῶν τειχῶν ποιήσας, vii.5.14.

καί: introduces the result of what precedes; and so. Cf. c. 99. 12.

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